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MikroTik RouterOS supports SOCKS proxy server, version 4.
SOCKS is a proxy server that allows TCP based application data to relay across the firewall, even if the firewall would block the packets. The SOCKS protocol is independent from application protocols, so it can be used for many services, e.g, WWW, FTP, TELNET, and others.
At first, an application client connects to the SOCKS proxy server, then the proxy server looks in its access list to see whether the client is permited to access the remote application resource or not, if it is permitted, the proxy server relies the packet to the application server and creates a connection between the application server and client.
Remember to configure your application client to use SOCKS version 4.
You should secure the SOCKS proxy using its access list and/or firewall to disallow access from outisde. Failing to secure the proxy server may introduce security issues to your network, and may provide a way for spammers to send junk mail through the router.
- connection-idle-timeout (time; default: 2m) - time after which idle connections are terminated
- enabled (yes | no; default: no) - whether to enable or no the SOCKS proxy
- max-connections (integer: 1..500; default: 200) - maxumum number of simultaneous connections
- port (integer: 1..65535; default: 1080) - TCP port on which the SOCKS server listens for connections
Submenu level: /ip socks access
In the SOCKS access list you can add rules which will control access to SOCKS server. This list is similar to firewall lists.
- action (allow | deny; default: allow) - action to be performed for this rule
- allow - allow packets, matching this rule, to be forwarded for further processing
- deny - deny access for packets, matching this rule
- dst-address (IP address/netmask) - destination (server's) address
- dst-port (port) - destination TCP port
- src-address (IP address/netmask) - source (client's) address for a packet
- src-port (port) - source TCP port
Submenu level: /ip socks connections
The Active Connection list shows all established TCP connections, which are maintained through the SOCKS proxy server.
- dst-address (read-only: IP address) - destination (application server) IP address
- rx (read-only: integer) - bytes received
- src-address (read-only: IP address) - source (application client) IP address
- tx (read-only: integer) - bytes sent
- type (read-only: in | out | unknown) - connection type
- in - incoming connection
- out - outgoing connection
- unknown - connection has just been initiated
To see current TCP connections:
[admin@MikroTik] ip socks connections> print # SRC-ADDRESS DST-ADDRESS TX RX 0 192.168.0.2:3242 22.214.171.124:80 4847 2880 1 192.168.0.2:3243 126.96.36.199:80 3408 2127 2 192.168.0.2:3246 188.8.131.52:80 10172 25207 3 192.168.0.2:3248 184.108.40.206:80 474 1629 4 192.168.0.2:3249 220.127.116.11:80 6477 18695 5 192.168.0.2:3250 18.104.22.168:80 4137 27568 6 192.168.0.2:3251 22.214.171.124:80 1712 14296 7 192.168.0.2:3258 126.96.36.199:80 314 208 8 192.168.0.2:3259 188.8.131.52:80 934 524 9 192.168.0.2:3260 184.108.40.206:80 930 524 10 192.168.0.2:3261 220.127.116.11:80 312 158 11 192.168.0.2:3262 18.104.22.168:80 312 158 [admin@MikroTik] ip socks connections>
FTP service through SOCKS server
Let us consider that we have a network 192.168.0.0/24 which is masqueraded, using a router with a public IP 10.1.0.104/24 and a private IP 192.168.0.1/24. Somewhere in the network is an FTP server with IP address 10.5.8.8. We want to allow access to this FTP server for a client in our local network with IP address 192.168.0.2/24.
We have already masqueraded our local network:
[admin@MikroTik] ip firewall nat> print Flags: X - disabled, I - invalid, D - dynamic 0 chain=srcnat action=masquerade src-address=192.168.0.0/24 [admin@MikroTik] ip firewall nat>
And the access to public FTP servers is denied in firewall:
[admin@MikroTik] ip firewall filter> print Flags: X - disabled, I - invalid, D - dynamic 0 chain=forward action=drop src-address=192.168.0.0/24 dst-port=21 protocol=tcp [admin@MikroTik] ip firewall filter>
We need to enable the SOCKS server:
[admin@MikroTik] ip socks> set enabled=yes [admin@MikroTik] ip socks> print enabled: yes port: 1080 connection-idle-timeout: 2m max-connections: 200 [admin@MikroTik] ip socks>
Add access to a client with an IP address 192.168.0.2/32 to SOCKS access list, allow data transfer from FTP server to client (allow destionation ports from 1024 to 65535 for any IP address), and drop everything else:
[admin@MikroTik] ip socks access> add src-address=192.168.0.2 dst-port=21 \ \... action=allow [admin@MikroTik] ip socks access> add dst-port=1024-65535 action=allow [admin@MikroTik] ip socks access> add action=deny [admin@MikroTik] ip socks access> print Flags: X - disabled 0 src-address=192.168.0.2 dst-port=21 action=allow 1 dst-port=1024-65535 action=allow 2 action=deny [admin@MikroTik] ip socks access>
That's all - the SOCKS server is configured. To see active connections and data transmitted and received:
[admin@MikroTik] ip socks connections> print # SRC-ADDRESS DST-ADDRESS TX RX 0 192.168.0.2:1238 10.5.8.8:21 1163 4625 1 192.168.0.2:1258 10.5.8.8:3423 0 3231744 [admin@MikroTik] ip socks connections>
Note! In order to use SOCKS proxy server, you have to specify its IP address and port in your FTP client. In this case IP address would be 192.168.0.1 (local IP address of the router/SOCKS server) and TCP port 1080.