Manual:API Python3

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Summary

Since python language have introduced changes to syntax when going from 2.x to 3.x some adjustments had to be made for old code from API.

Code for Python3

code

#!/usr/bin/python3
# -*- coding: latin-1 -*-
import sys, posix, time, binascii, socket, select, ssl
import hashlib

class ApiRos:
    "Routeros api"
    def __init__(self, sk):
        self.sk = sk
        self.currenttag = 0

    def login(self, username, pwd):
        for repl, attrs in self.talk(["/login", "=name=" + username,
                                      "=password=" + pwd]):
          if repl == '!trap':
            return False
          elif '=ret' in attrs.keys():
        #for repl, attrs in self.talk(["/login"]):
            chal = binascii.unhexlify((attrs['=ret']).encode(sys.stdout.encoding))
            md = hashlib.md5()
            md.update(b'\x00')
            md.update(pwd.encode(sys.stdout.encoding))
            md.update(chal)
            for repl2, attrs2 in self.talk(["/login", "=name=" + username,
                   "=response=00" + binascii.hexlify(md.digest()).decode(sys.stdout.encoding) ]):
              if repl2 == '!trap':
                return False
        return True

    def talk(self, words):
        if self.writeSentence(words) == 0: return
        r = []
        while 1:
            i = self.readSentence();
            if len(i) == 0: continue
            reply = i[0]
            attrs = {}
            for w in i[1:]:
                j = w.find('=', 1)
                if (j == -1):
                    attrs[w] = ''
                else:
                    attrs[w[:j]] = w[j+1:]
            r.append((reply, attrs))
            if reply == '!done': return r

    def writeSentence(self, words):
        ret = 0
        for w in words:
            self.writeWord(w)
            ret += 1
        self.writeWord('')
        return ret

    def readSentence(self):
        r = []
        while 1:
            w = self.readWord()
            if w == '': return r
            r.append(w)

    def writeWord(self, w):
        print(("<<< " + w))
        self.writeLen(len(w))
        self.writeStr(w)

    def readWord(self):
        ret = self.readStr(self.readLen())
        print((">>> " + ret))
        return ret

    def writeLen(self, l):
        if l < 0x80:
            self.writeByte((l).to_bytes(1, sys.byteorder))
        elif l < 0x4000:
            l |= 0x8000
            tmp = (l >> 8) & 0xFF
            self.writeByte(((l >> 8) & 0xFF).to_bytes(1, sys.byteorder))
            self.writeByte((l & 0xFF).to_bytes(1, sys.byteorder))
        elif l < 0x200000:
            l |= 0xC00000
            self.writeByte(((l >> 16) & 0xFF).to_bytes(1, sys.byteorder))
            self.writeByte(((l >> 8) & 0xFF).to_bytes(1, sys.byteorder))
            self.writeByte((l & 0xFF).to_bytes(1, sys.byteorder))
        elif l < 0x10000000:
            l |= 0xE0000000
            self.writeByte(((l >> 24) & 0xFF).to_bytes(1, sys.byteorder))
            self.writeByte(((l >> 16) & 0xFF).to_bytes(1, sys.byteorder))
            self.writeByte(((l >> 8) & 0xFF).to_bytes(1, sys.byteorder))
            self.writeByte((l & 0xFF).to_bytes(1, sys.byteorder))
        else:
            self.writeByte((0xF0).to_bytes(1, sys.byteorder))
            self.writeByte(((l >> 24) & 0xFF).to_bytes(1, sys.byteorder))
            self.writeByte(((l >> 16) & 0xFF).to_bytes(1, sys.byteorder))
            self.writeByte(((l >> 8) & 0xFF).to_bytes(1, sys.byteorder))
            self.writeByte((l & 0xFF).to_bytes(1, sys.byteorder))

    def readLen(self):
        c = ord(self.readStr(1))
        # print (">rl> %i" % c)
        if (c & 0x80) == 0x00:
            pass
        elif (c & 0xC0) == 0x80:
            c &= ~0xC0
            c <<= 8
            c += ord(self.readStr(1))
        elif (c & 0xE0) == 0xC0:
            c &= ~0xE0
            c <<= 8
            c += ord(self.readStr(1))
            c <<= 8
            c += ord(self.readStr(1))
        elif (c & 0xF0) == 0xE0:
            c &= ~0xF0
            c <<= 8
            c += ord(self.readStr(1))
            c <<= 8
            c += ord(self.readStr(1))
            c <<= 8
            c += ord(self.readStr(1))
        elif (c & 0xF8) == 0xF0:
            c = ord(self.readStr(1))
            c <<= 8
            c += ord(self.readStr(1))
            c <<= 8
            c += ord(self.readStr(1))
            c <<= 8
            c += ord(self.readStr(1))
        return c

    def writeStr(self, str):
        n = 0;
        while n < len(str):
            r = self.sk.send(bytes(str[n:], 'UTF-8'))
            if r == 0: raise RuntimeError("connection closed by remote end")
            n += r

    def writeByte(self, str):
        n = 0;
        while n < len(str):
            r = self.sk.send(str[n:])
            if r == 0: raise RuntimeError("connection closed by remote end")
            n += r

    def readStr(self, length):
        ret = ''
        # print ("length: %i" % length)
        while len(ret) < length:
            s = self.sk.recv(length - len(ret))
            if s == b'': raise RuntimeError("connection closed by remote end")
            # print (b">>>" + s)
            # atgriezt kaa byte ja nav ascii chars
            if s >= (128).to_bytes(1, "big") :
               return s
            # print((">>> " + s.decode(sys.stdout.encoding, 'ignore')))
            ret += s.decode(sys.stdout.encoding, "replace")
        return ret

def open_socket(dst, port, secure=False):
  s = None
  res = socket.getaddrinfo(dst, port, socket.AF_UNSPEC, socket.SOCK_STREAM)
  af, socktype, proto, canonname, sockaddr = res[0]
  skt = socket.socket(af, socktype, proto)
  if secure:
    s = ssl.wrap_socket(skt, ssl_version=ssl.PROTOCOL_TLSv1_2, ciphers="ADH-AES128-SHA256") #ADH-AES128-SHA256
  else:
    s = skt
  s.connect(sockaddr)
  return s

def main():
    s = None
    dst = sys.argv[1]
    user = "admin"
    passw = ""
    secure = True
    port = 0

    # use default username and pasword if not specified
    if len(sys.argv) == 4:
      user = sys.argv[2]
      passw = sys.argv[3]
    elif len(sys.argv) == 3:
      user = sys.argv[2]

    if (port==0):
      port = 8729 if secure else 8728

    s = open_socket(dst, port, secure)
    if s is None:
      print ('could not open socket')
      sys.exit(1)

    apiros = ApiRos(s);
    if not apiros.login(user, passw):
      return

    inputsentence = []

    while 1:
        r = select.select([s, sys.stdin], [], [], None)
        if s in r[0]:
            # something to read in socket, read sentence
            x = apiros.readSentence()

        if sys.stdin in r[0]:
            # read line from input and strip off newline
            l = sys.stdin.readline()
            l = l[:-1]

            # if empty line, send sentence and start with new
            # otherwise append to input sentence
            if l == '':
                apiros.writeSentence(inputsentence)
                inputsentence = []
            else:
                inputsentence.append(l)

if __name__ == '__main__':
    main()


file

api client in python3

See also

API