Manual:IP/Cloud

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Applies to RouterOS: v6.14 +

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Note: Currently running as public beta. Server availability could vary, and syntax could change


Summary

Since RouterOS v6.14 MikroTik offers a Dynamic DNS name service for RouterBOARD devices. This means that your device can automatically get a working domain name, this is useful if your IP address changes often, and you want to always know how to connect to your router.

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Note: Since RouterOS v6.27 "ip cloud enabled" is renamed to "ip cloud ddns-enabled" this may require some changes in scripts if you are using this feature in a script.


The cloud service provides these services:

  • ddns (provide dns name for router's WAN IPv4 and/or IPv6 address)
  • approximate time (accuracy of several seconds, depends on UDP packet latency, useful when NTP is not available)
  • time zone detection (if enabled, clock time zone will be updated even when DDNS and update time are disabled)
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Note: To actually connect to the router using the DNS name provided by cloud server, user must configure router's firewall to permit such access from the WAN port. (Default MikroTik configuration does not permit access to services such as WebFig, WinBox etc. from WAN port)


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Warning: Be aware that if router has multiple public IP addresses and/or multiple internet gateways, the exact IP used for the update may not be as expected!


Operation details

  • Checks for outgoing IP address change: every 60 seconds
  • Waits for the MikroTik's Cloud server's response: 15 seconds
  • DDNS record TTL: 60 seconds
  • Cloud time update: after reboot and during every DDNS update (when router's WAN IP address changes or after the force-update command is used)
  • Time-zone-autodetect: The time zone is detected depending on the router's public IP address and our commercial database

After the device has sent its IP address to the MikroTik's Cloud server, it will stay on the server permanently. DNS name (/ip cloud ddns-name) will resolve to last sent IP address. When user sets /ip cloud set ddns-enabled=no, then the device will send a message to MikroTik's Cloud server to disable the DNS name for this device.

When /ip cloud set ddns-enabled=yes is set, then the device will send encrypted packets to MikroTik's Cloud server using port UDP/15252. For devices using RouterOS v6.43 and newer the encrypted IP/Cloud packets are going to be sent to cloud2.mikrotik.com. For devices using older RouterOS versions (prior to v6.43), encrypted IP/Cloud are going to be sent to cloud.mikrotik.com.

Since RouterOS v6.43 if your device is able to reach cloud2.mikrotik.com using IPv6, then AAAA record is going to be created for your public IPv6 address. If your device is only able to reach cloud2.mikrotik.com using IPv4, then only A record is going to be created for your public IPv4 address.

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Note: IP/Cloud requires a working license on Cloud Hosted Router (CHR).


Example

To enable and activate this service:

[admin@MikroTik] /ip cloud set ddns-enabled=yes
[admin@MikroTik] /ip cloud print
         ddns-enabled: yes
          update-time: yes
       public-address: 1159.148.147.196
  public-address-ipv6: 2a02:610:7501:1000::2
             dns-name: 529c0491d41c.sn.mynetname.net
               status: updated

To enable time update from cloud service:

[admin@MikroTik] > /ip cloud set update-time=yes 

To enable automatic time zone detection:

[admin@MikroTik] > /system clock set time-zone-autodetect=yes 

To manually trigger a DDNS update

[admin@MikroTik] > /ip cloud force-update
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Note: When force-update is executed, DDNS update to cloud server will be sent immediately, even if router's IP address has not changed. If /ip cloud update-time is set to auto, then device's clock will be updated to cloud server time (if no NTP or SNTP client is enabled).


Properties

Sub-menu: /ip cloud


Property Description
ddns-enabled (yes | no; Default: no) If set to yes, then the device will send an encrypted message to the MikroTik's Cloud server. The server will then decrypt the message and verify that the sender is an authentic MikroTik device. If all is OK, then the MikroTik's Cloud server will create a DDNS record for this device and send a response to the device. Every minute the IP/Cloud service on the router will check if WAN IP address matches the one sent to MikroTik's Cloud server and will send encrypted update to cloud server if IP address changes.
update-time (yes | no; Default: no) If set to yes then router clock will be set to time, provided by cloud server IF there is no NTP or SNTP client enabled. If set to no, then IP/Cloud service will never update the device's clock. If update-time is set to yes, Clock will be updated even when ddns-enabled is set to no.
public-address (read-only: address) Shows device's IPv4 address that was sent to cloud server and assigned to DNS name (see dns-name). This field is visible only after at least one ddns-request was successfully completed.
public-address-ivp6 (read-only: address) Shows device's IPv6 address that was sent to cloud server and assigned to DNS name (see dns-name). This field is visible only after at least one ddns-request was successfully completed.
warning (read-only: string) Shows a warning message if IP address sent by the device differs from the IP address in UDP packet header as visible by the MikroTik's Cloud server. Typically this happens if the device is behind NAT. Example: "DDNS server received request from IP 123.123.123.123 but your local IP was 192.168.88.23; DDNS service might not work"
dns-name (read-only: name) Shows DNS name assigned to the rdevice. Name consists of 12 character serial number appended by .sn.mynetname.net. This field is visible only after at least one ddns-request is successfully completed.
status (read-only: string) Contains text string that describes current dns-service state. The messages are self explanatory
  • updating...
  • updated
  • Error: no Internet connection
  • Error: request timed out
  • Error: REJECTED. Contact MikroTik support
  • Error: internal error - should not happen. One possible cause is if router runs out of memory


Advanced

Sub-menu: /ip cloud advanced


Property Description
use-local-address (yes | no; Default: no) By default, the DNS name will be assigned to the detected public address (from the UDP packet header). If you wish to send your "local" or "internal" IP address, then set this to yes

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