Difference between revisions of "Manual:IP/DHCP Client"

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{{Versions|v3, v4 +}}
 
{{Versions|v3, v4 +}}
  
<div class=manual>
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==Summary==
  
==Summary==
 
<p>
 
 
The MikroTik RouterOS DHCP client may be enabled on any Ethernet-like interface at a time. The client will accept an address, netmask, default gateway, and two dns server addresses. The received IP address will be added to the interface with the respective netmask. The default gateway will be added to the routing table as a dynamic entry. Should the DHCP client be disabled or not renew an address, the dynamic default route will be removed. If there is already a default route installed prior the DHCP client obtains one, the route obtained by the DHCP client would be shown as invalid.
 
The MikroTik RouterOS DHCP client may be enabled on any Ethernet-like interface at a time. The client will accept an address, netmask, default gateway, and two dns server addresses. The received IP address will be added to the interface with the respective netmask. The default gateway will be added to the routing table as a dynamic entry. Should the DHCP client be disabled or not renew an address, the dynamic default route will be removed. If there is already a default route installed prior the DHCP client obtains one, the route obtained by the DHCP client would be shown as invalid.
</p>
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 +
==Quick setup example==
 +
 
 +
Add a DHCP client on ether1 interface:
 +
 
 +
<pre>
 +
/ip dhcp-client add interface=ether1 disabled=no
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</pre>
 +
 
 +
After interface is added, you can use rint" or "print detail" command to see what parameters DHCP client acquired:
 +
<pre>
 +
[admin@MikroTik] ip dhcp-client> print detail
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Flags: X - disabled, I - invalid
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0  interface=ether1 add-default-route=yes use-peer-dns=yes use-peer-ntp=yes
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    status=bound address=192.168.0.65/24 gateway=192.168.0.1
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    dhcp-server=192.168.0.1 primary-dns=192.168.0.1 primary-ntp=192.168.0.1
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    expires-after=9m44s
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[admin@MikroTik] ip dhcp-client>
 +
</pre>
 +
 
  
 
==Properties==
 
==Properties==
 
<p id="shbox"><b>Sub-menu:</b> <code>/ip dhcp-client</code></p>
 
<p id="shbox"><b>Sub-menu:</b> <code>/ip dhcp-client</code></p>
<br />
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<table class="styled_table">
 
<table class="styled_table">
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==Status==
 
==Status==
<p>
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Command <code>/ip dhcp-client print detail</code> will show current status of dhcp client and <b>read-only</b> properties listed in table below:
 
Command <code>/ip dhcp-client print detail</code> will show current status of dhcp client and <b>read-only</b> properties listed in table below:
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<table class="styled_table">
 
<table class="styled_table">
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</table>
 
</table>
</p>
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<br />
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==Menu specific commands==
 
==Menu specific commands==
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</tr>
 
</tr>
 
</table>
 
</table>
<br />
 
 
==Basic examples==
 
 
Add a DHCP client on ether1 interface:
 
  
<pre>
 
/ip dhcp-client add interface=ether1 disabled=no
 
[admin@MikroTik] ip dhcp-client> print detail
 
Flags: X - disabled, I - invalid
 
0  interface=ether1 add-default-route=yes use-peer-dns=yes use-peer-ntp=yes
 
    status=bound address=192.168.0.65/24 gateway=192.168.0.1
 
    dhcp-server=192.168.0.1 primary-dns=192.168.0.1 primary-ntp=192.168.0.1
 
    expires-after=9m44s
 
[admin@MikroTik] ip dhcp-client>
 
</pre>
 
  
 
{{cont}}
 
{{cont}}

Revision as of 13:03, 10 January 2011

Version.png

Applies to RouterOS: v3, v4 +

Summary

The MikroTik RouterOS DHCP client may be enabled on any Ethernet-like interface at a time. The client will accept an address, netmask, default gateway, and two dns server addresses. The received IP address will be added to the interface with the respective netmask. The default gateway will be added to the routing table as a dynamic entry. Should the DHCP client be disabled or not renew an address, the dynamic default route will be removed. If there is already a default route installed prior the DHCP client obtains one, the route obtained by the DHCP client would be shown as invalid.

Quick setup example

Add a DHCP client on ether1 interface:

/ip dhcp-client add interface=ether1 disabled=no

After interface is added, you can use rint" or "print detail" command to see what parameters DHCP client acquired:

[admin@MikroTik] ip dhcp-client> print detail
Flags: X - disabled, I - invalid 
 0   interface=ether1 add-default-route=yes use-peer-dns=yes use-peer-ntp=yes
     status=bound address=192.168.0.65/24 gateway=192.168.0.1
     dhcp-server=192.168.0.1 primary-dns=192.168.0.1 primary-ntp=192.168.0.1
     expires-after=9m44s 
[admin@MikroTik] ip dhcp-client>


Properties

Sub-menu: /ip dhcp-client


Property Description
add-default-route (yes | no; Default: yes) Whether to install default route in routing table received from dhcp server.
client-id (string; Default: ) Corresponds to the settings suggested by the network administrator or ISP. If not specified, client's MAC address will be sent.
default-route-distance (integer:0..255; Default: ) Distance of default route. Applicable if add-default-route is set to yes.
host-name (string; Default: ) Tthe host name of the client sent to a DHCP server. If not specified, client's system identity will be used.
interface (name; Default: ) Interface on which DHCP client will be running.
use-peer-dns (yes | no; Default: yes) Whether to accept the DNS settings advertised by DHCP Server. (Will override the settings put in the /ip dns submenu
use-peer-ntp (yes | no; Default: yes) Whether to accept the NTP settings advertised by DHCP Server. (Will override the settings put in the /system ntp client submenu)


Status

Command /ip dhcp-client print detail will show current status of dhcp client and read-only properties listed in table below:


Property Description
address (IP/mask) IP address and netmask, which is assigned to DHCP Client from the Server
dhcp-server (IP) IP address of the DHCP server
expires-after (time) Time, when the lease expires (specified by the DHCP server)
gateway (IP) IP address of the gateway which is assigned by DHCP server
invalid (yes | no) Shows whether configuration is invalid.
netmask (IP)
primary-dns (IP) IP address of the primary DNS server, assigned by the DHCP server
primary-ntp (IP) IP address of the primary NTP server, assigned by the DHCP server
secondary-dns (IP) IP address of the secondary DNS server, assigned by the DHCP server
secondary-ntp (IP) IP address of the secondary NTP server, assigned by the DHCP server
status (bound | error | rebinding... | requesting... | searching... | stopped) Shows the status of DHCP Client


Menu specific commands

Property Description
release (id) Release current binding and restart DHCP client
renew (id) Renew current leases. If the renew operation was not successful, client tries to reinitialize lease (i.e. it starts lease request procedure (rebind) as if it had not received an IP address yet)


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