Difference between revisions of "Manual:IP/Services"

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<div class=manual>
 
<div class=manual>
  
<h2>Summary</h2>
+
==Summary==
<p><b>Sub-menu:</b> <code>/ip service</code></p>
+
<p id="shbox"><b>Sub-menu:</b> <code>/ip service</code></p>
 
<br />
 
<br />
 
<p>
 
<p>
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<h2>Properties</h2>
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==Properties==
  
 
<br />
 
<br />
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</table>
 
</table>
  
<h2>Service Ports</h2>
+
==Service Ports==
<p><b>Sub-menu:</b> <code>/ip firewall service-port</code></p>
+
<p id="shbox"><b>Sub-menu:</b> <code>/ip firewall service-port</code></p>
 
<br />
 
<br />
 
<p>
 
<p>
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</p>
 
</p>
  
<h2>Protocols and ports</h2>
+
==Protocols and ports==
  
 
Table below shows the list of protocols and ports used by RouterOS.
 
Table below shows the list of protocols and ports used by RouterOS.
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<tr>
 
<tr>
 
     <td><b>67/udp</b></td>
 
     <td><b>67/udp</b></td>
     <td>Bootstrap protocol or [[DHCP Server]]</td>
+
     <td>Bootstrap protocol or [[M:IP/DHCP Server | DHCP Server]]</td>
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
 
     <td><b>68/udp</b></td>
 
     <td><b>68/udp</b></td>
     <td>Bootstrap protocol or [[DHCP Client]]</td>
+
     <td>Bootstrap protocol or [[M:IP/DHCP Client | DHCP Client]]</td>
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
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<tr>
 
<tr>
 
     <td><b>123/udp</b></td>
 
     <td><b>123/udp</b></td>
     <td>Network Time Protocol ([[Time | NTP]])</td>
+
     <td>Network Time Protocol ([[M:System/Time | NTP]])</td>
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
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<tr>
 
<tr>
 
     <td><b>179/tcp</b></td>
 
     <td><b>179/tcp</b></td>
     <td>Border Gateway Protocol ([[BGP]])</td>
+
     <td>Border Gateway Protocol ([[M:Routing/BGP | BGP]])</td>
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
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<tr>
 
<tr>
 
     <td><b>520/udp<br />521/udp</b></td>
 
     <td><b>520/udp<br />521/udp</b></td>
     <td>[[RIP]] routing protocol</td>
+
     <td>[[M:Routing/RIP | RIP]] routing protocol</td>
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
 
     <td><b>646/udp<br />521/udp</b></td>
 
     <td><b>646/udp<br />521/udp</b></td>
     <td>[[LDP]] transport session</td>
+
     <td>[[M:MPLS/LDP | LDP]] transport session</td>
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
 
     <td><b>646/tcp<br />521/udp</b></td>
 
     <td><b>646/tcp<br />521/udp</b></td>
     <td>[[LDP]] hello protocol</td>
+
     <td>[[M:MPLS/LDP | LDP]] hello protocol</td>
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
 
     <td><b>1080/tcp</b></td>
 
     <td><b>1080/tcp</b></td>
     <td>[[SOCKS]] proxy protocol</td>
+
     <td>[[M:IP/SOCKS | SOCKS]] proxy protocol</td>
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
 
     <td><b>1701/udp</b></td>
 
     <td><b>1701/udp</b></td>
     <td>Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol ([[L2TP]])</td>
+
     <td>Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol ([[M:Interface/L2TP | L2TP]])</td>
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
 
     <td><b>1723/tcp</b></td>
 
     <td><b>1723/tcp</b></td>
     <td>Point-To-Point Tunneling Protocol ([[PPTP]])</td>
+
     <td>Point-To-Point Tunneling Protocol ([[M:Interface/PPTP | PPTP]])</td>
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
 
     <td><b>1900/udp<br />2828/tcp</b></td>
 
     <td><b>1900/udp<br />2828/tcp</b></td>
     <td>Universal Plug and Play (uPnP)</td>
+
     <td>Universal Plug and Play ([[M:IP/UPnP | uPnP]])</td>
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
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<tr>
 
<tr>
 
     <td><b>8728/tcp</b></td>
 
     <td><b>8728/tcp</b></td>
     <td>[[API]]</td>
+
     <td>[[M:API | API]]</td>
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
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<tr>
 
<tr>
 
     <td><b>/4</b></td>
 
     <td><b>/4</b></td>
     <td>[[IPIP]] encapsulation</td>
+
     <td>[[M:Interface/IPIP | IPIP]] encapsulation</td>
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
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<tr>
 
<tr>
 
     <td><b>/47</b></td>
 
     <td><b>/47</b></td>
     <td>General Routing Encapsulation (GRE) - used for [[PPTP]] and [[EoIP]] tunnels</td>
+
     <td>General Routing Encapsulation (GRE) - used for [[M:Interface/PPTP | PPTP]] and [[M:Interface/EoIP | EoIP]] tunnels</td>
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
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<tr>
 
<tr>
 
     <td><b>/89</b></td>
 
     <td><b>/89</b></td>
     <td>[[OSPF]] routing protocol</td>
+
     <td>[[M:Routing/OSPF | OSPF]] routing protocol</td>
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
 
     <td><b>/103</b></td>
 
     <td><b>/103</b></td>
     <td>[[Multicast | IGMP]]</td>
+
     <td>[[M:Routing | Multicast | IGMP]]</td>
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
 
     <td><b>/112</b></td>
 
     <td><b>/112</b></td>
     <td>[[VRRP]]</td>
+
     <td>[[M:Interface/VRRP | VRRP]]</td>
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 
</table>
 
</table>

Revision as of 14:48, 30 April 2010

Version.png

Applies to RouterOS: v3, v4

Summary

Sub-menu: /ip service


This document lists protocols and ports used by various MikroTik RouterOS services. It helps you to determine why your MikroTik router listens to certain ports, and what you need to block/allow in case you want to prevent or grant access to the certain services. Please see the relevant sections of the Manual for more explanations.


Properties


Note that it is not possible to add new services, only existing service modifications are allowed.

Property Description
address (IP address/netmask; Default: 0.0.0.0/0) IP address from which the service is accessible. Default value is '0.0.0.0/0' - any address.
certificate (name; Default: none) The name of the certificate used by particular service. Applicable only for services that depends on certificates (www-ssl)
name (name; Default: none) Service name
port (integer: 1..65535; Default: ) The port particular service listens on

Service Ports

Sub-menu: /ip firewall service-port


Hosts behind a NAT-enabled router do not have true end-to-end connectivity. Therefore some Internet protocols might not work in scenarios with NAT.
To overcome these limitations RouterOS includes a number of NAT helpers, that enable NAT traversal for various protocols.

Helper Description
FTP FTP service helper
h323 H323 service helper
irc
PPTP PPTP tunneling helper.
SIP
tftp

Protocols and ports

Table below shows the list of protocols and ports used by RouterOS.

Proto/Port Description
20/tcp FTP data connection
21/tcp FTP control connection
23/tcp Secure Shell (SSH) remote Login protocol
23/tcp Telnet protocol
53/tcp
53/udp
DNS
67/udp Bootstrap protocol or DHCP Server
68/udp Bootstrap protocol or DHCP Client
80/tcp World Wide Web HTTP
123/udp Network Time Protocol ( NTP)
161/udp Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
179/tcp Border Gateway Protocol ( BGP)
443/tcp Secure Socket Layer (SSL) encrypted HTTP
500/udp Internet Key Exchange (IKE) protocol
520/udp
521/udp
RIP routing protocol
646/udp
521/udp
LDP transport session
646/tcp
521/udp
LDP hello protocol
1080/tcp SOCKS proxy protocol
1701/udp Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol ( L2TP)
1723/tcp Point-To-Point Tunneling Protocol ( PPTP)
1900/udp
2828/tcp
Universal Plug and Play ( uPnP)
2000/tcp Bandwidth test server
5678/udp Mikrotik Neighbor Discovery Protocol
8080/tcp HTTP Web Proxy
8291/tcp Winbox
8728/tcp API
20561/udp MAC winbox
/1 ICMP
/4 IPIP encapsulation
/41 IPv6 (encapsulation)
/47 General Routing Encapsulation (GRE) - used for PPTP and EoIP tunnels
/50 Encapsulating Security Payload for IPv4 (ESP)
/51 Authentication Header for IPv4 (AH)
/89 OSPF routing protocol
/103 Multicast | IGMP
/112 VRRP