Manual:Interface/EoIP

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Summary

Sub-menu: /interface eoip

Standards: GRE RFC 1701


Ethernet over IP (EoIP) Tunneling is a MikroTik RouterOS protocol that creates an Ethernet tunnel between two routers on top of an IP connection. The EoIP tunnel may run over IPIP tunnel, PPTP tunne or any other connection capable of transporting IP.
When the bridging function of the router is enabled, all Ethernet traffic (all Ethernet protocols) will be bridged just as if there where a physical Ethernet interface and cable between the two routers (with bridging enabled). This protocol makes multiple network schemes possible.

Network setups with EoIP interfaces:

  • Possibility to bridge LANs over the Internet
  • Possibility to bridge LANs over encrypted tunnels
  • Possibility to bridge LANs over 802.11b 'ad-hoc' wireless networks


The EoIP protocol encapsulates Ethernet frames in GRE (IP protocol number 47) packets (just like PPTP) and sends them to the remote side of the EoIP tunnel.

Properties

Property Description
arp (disabled | enabled | proxy-arp | reply-only; Default: enabled) Address Resolution Protocol mode
mac-address (MAC; Default: ) Media Access Control number of an interface. The address numeration authority allows to use MAC addresses in the range from 00:00:5E:80:00:00 - 00:00:5E:FF:FF:FF freely
mtu (integer; Default: 1500) Layer3 Maximum transmission unit
name (string; Default: ) Interface name
remote-address (IP; Default: ) IP address of remote end of EoIP tunnel
tunnel-id (integer: 65536; Default: ) Unique tunnel identifier, which must match other side of the tunnel

Notes

tunnel-id is method of identifying tunnel. It must be unique for each EoIP tunnel.

mtu should be set to 1500 to eliminate packet refragmentation inside the tunnel (that allows transparent bridging of Ethernet-like networks, so that it would be possible to transport full-sized Ethernet frame over the tunnel).

When bridging EoIP tunnels, it is highly recommended to set unique MAC addresses for each tunnel for the bridge algorithms to work correctly. For EoIP interfaces you can use MAC addresses that are in the range from 00:00:5E:80:00:00 - 00:00:5E:FF:FF:FF , which IANA has reserved for such cases. Alternatively, you can set the second bit of the first byte to mark the address as locally administered address, assigned by network administrator, and use any MAC address, you just need to ensure they are unique between the hosts connected to one bridge.

Setup examples