MikroTik RouterOS supports various types of Ethernet interfaces.
|arp (disabled | enabled | proxy-arp | reply-only; Default: enabled)||Address Resolution Protocol mode|
|auto-negotiation (yes | no; Default: yes)||When enabled, the interface "advertises" its maximum capabilities to achieve the best connection possible.
Note: Auto-negotiation must be disabled on both ends, otherwise Ethernets may not work properly.
Note2: Gigabit link cannot work with auto-negotiation disabled.
|bandwidth (integer/integer; Default: unlimited/unlimited)||Sets max rx/tx bandwidth that will be handled by an interface.|
|cable-setting (default | short | standard; Default: default)||changes the cable length setting (only applicable to NS DP83815/6 cards)|
|disable-running-check (yes | no; Default: yes)||Disable running check. If this value is set to 'no', the router automatically detects whether the NIC is connected with a device in the network or not.|
|full-duplex (yes | no; Default: yes)||Defines whether the transmission of data appears in two directions simultaneously|
|l2mtu (integer; Default: )||Layer2 Maximum transmission unit. Read more>>|
|mac-address (MAC; Default: )||Media Access Control number of an interface.|
|master-port (name | none; Default: none)||Sets switch group master interface|
|mdix-enable (yes | no; Default: )||Whether the MDI/X auto crosscable correction feature is enabled for the port|
|mtu (integer; Default: 1500)||Layer3 Maximum transmission unit|
|name (string; Default: )||Name of an interface|
|speed (10Mbps | 100Mbps | 1Gbps; Default: max available)||Sets the data transmission speed of the interface. By default, this value is the maximal data rate supported by the interface|
|running (yes | no)||Whether interface is running. Note that some interface does not have running check and they are always reported as "running"|
|rx-1024-1518 (integer)||Total count of received 1024 to 1518 byte packets|
|rx-128-255 (integer)||Total count of received 128 to 255 byte packets|
|rx-1519-max (integer)||Total count of received packets larger than 1519 bytes|
|rx-256-511 (integer)||Total count of received 256 to 511 byte packets|
|rx-512-1023 (integer)||Total count of received 512 to 1023 byte packets|
|rx-64 (integer)||Total count of received 64 byte packets|
|rx-65-127 (integer)||Total count of received 65 to 127 byte packets|
|rx-align-error (integer)||Total count of received align error messages|
|rx-broadcast (integer)||Total count of received broadcast packets|
|rx-bytes (integer)||Total count of received bytes|
|rx-fcs-error (integer)||Total count of received frames with incorrect checksum|
|rx-fragment (integer)||Total count of received fragmented frames|
|rx-multicast (integer)||Total count of received multicast packets|
|rx-pause (integer)||Amount of received pause frames|
|rx-runt (integer)||Amount of received frames shorter than the minimum 64 bytes but with a valid CRC|
|slave (yes | no)||Whether interface is configured as a slave of another interface (for example Bonding)|
|switch (integer)||ID to which switch chip interface belongs to.|
Menu specific commands
|blink ([id, name])||Blink Ethernet leds|
|monitor ([id, name])||Monitor ethernet status. Read more>>|
|reset-counters ([id, name])||Reset stats counters. Read more>>|
|reset-mac ([id, name])||Reset MAC address to manufacturers default.|
/interface ethernet monitor command prints out current link, rate and duplex status of an interface.
|auto-negotiation (done | incomplete)||Current auto negotiation status.
|default-cable-settings (short | standard)||default cable length setting (only applicable to NS DP83815/6 cards)
|full-duplex (yes | no)||Whether transmission of data occurs in two directions simultaneously|
|rate (10Mbps | 100Mbps | 1Gbps)||Actual data rate of the connection|
|status (link-ok | no-link | unknown)||Current link status of an interface
Example output of ethernet status:
[admin@MikroTik] /interface ethernet> monitor ether1 status: link-ok auto-negotiation: done rate: 1Gbps full-duplex: yes
RouterOS v3.22 introduces a new command:
/interface ethernet print stats
This command will display all kinds of other statistics if the interface is supporting them (currently only RB450G ether2-ether5, RB750 ether2-ether5, RB750G ether1-ether5 and also RB1100 ether1-ether10). Complete list of properties can be found in section above
For example, output of ethernet stats on RB450G:
[admin@MikroTik] /interface ethernet> print stats name: ether1-gateway ether2-local ether3-local ether4-local ether5-local rx-broadcast: 22 31 3666 11 rx-pause: 0 0 0 0 rx-multicast: 4 7 1423 5 rx-fcs-error: 0 0 2 0 rx-align-error: 0 0 0 0 rx-runt: 0 0 0 0 rx-fragment: 0 0 1 0 rx-64: 0 0 0 0 rx-65-127: 8 14 21598 10 rx-128-255: 0 0 0 0 rx-256-511: 18 24 2245 6 rx-512-1023: 28926 7649 371938 24476 rx-1024-1518: 0 0 0 0 rx-1519-max: 0 0 0 0 rx-too-long: 0 0 0 0 rx-overflow: 0 0 0 0 rx-bytes: 15337844 4063737 199738064 12975401 tx-broadcast: 13 13 1496 8 tx-pause: 0 0 0 0 tx-multicast: 13 13 1496 8 tx-underrun: 0 0 0 0 tx-64: 0 0 0 0 tx-65-127: 26 26 2992 16 tx-128-255: 0 0 0 0 tx-256-511: 0 0 0 0 tx-512-1023: 0 0 0 0 tx-1024-1518: 0 0 0 0 tx-1519-max: 0 0 0 0 tx-too-long: 0 0 0 0 tx-collision: 0 0 0 0 tx-excessive-collision: 0 0 0 0 tx-multiple-collision: 0 0 0 0 tx-single-collision: 0 0 0 0 tx-excessive-deferred: 0 0 0 0 tx-deferred: 0 0 0 0 tx-late-collision: 0 0 0 0 tx-bytes: 2561 2561 294712 1576
/interface ethernet switch
This submenu allows to configure certain RouterBoard switch chip feature. Read more >>.
PoE out settings are only available on RouterBOARD devices that have this hardware feature present. Power-out status information is not available. The only visual clue is a red LED in addition to green Ethernet activity led.
Feature can be configured using setting in /interface ethernet menu, for example, turning poe-out on ether2 interface off:
/interface ethernet set ether2 poe-out=off
Possible configuration modes:
- off - all detection and power is turned off for this port. It is safe setting and is default for all RouterBOARDs shipped
- auto - board will attempt to detect if power can be applied on the port. For power-on to happen there should be resistance on spare pairs in range from 19kΩ to 26.5kΩ.
- on - detection range is removed. As a result power over Ethernet will be turned on the port.
When port is powered on
- No detection if connected device can accept PoE is done;
- When port is powered on - port overload and short detection is turned on;
- If short is detected power on all ports will be turned on.