Manual:Interface/Ethernet

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Revision as of 16:23, 22 July 2013 by Becs (talk | contribs) (Properties)
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Applies to RouterOS: v3, v4+

Summary

Sub-menu: /interface ethernet
Standards: IEEE 802.3


MikroTik RouterOS supports various types of Ethernet interfaces.

Properties


Property Description
arp (disabled | enabled | proxy-arp | reply-only; Default: enabled) Address Resolution Protocol mode
auto-negotiation (yes | no; Default: yes) When enabled, the interface "advertises" its maximum capabilities to achieve the best connection possible.
Note: Auto-negotiation must be disabled on both ends, otherwise Ethernets may not work properly.
Note2: Gigabit link cannot work with auto-negotiation disabled.
bandwidth (integer/integer; Default: unlimited/unlimited) Sets max rx/tx bandwidth that will be handled by an interface.
cable-setting (default | short | standard; Default: default) changes the cable length setting (only applicable to NS DP83815/6 cards)
disable-running-check (yes | no; Default: yes) Disable running check. If this value is set to 'no', the router automatically detects whether the NIC is connected with a device in the network or not. By default value is 'yes' because older NICs does not support it. (only applicable to x86)
full-duplex (yes | no; Default: yes) Defines whether the transmission of data appears in two directions simultaneously
l2mtu (integer; Default: ) Layer2 Maximum transmission unit. Read more>>
mac-address (MAC; Default: ) Media Access Control number of an interface.
master-port (name | none; Default: none) Sets switch group master interface
mdix-enable (yes | no; Default: ) Whether the MDI/X auto crosscable correction feature is enabled for the port
mtu (integer; Default: 1500) Layer3 Maximum transmission unit
name (string; Default: ) Name of an interface
speed (10Mbps | 100Mbps | 1Gbps; Default: max available) Sets the data transmission speed of the interface. By default, this value is the maximal data rate supported by the interface
poe-out (auto-on | forced-on | off; Default: off) Poe Out settings. Read more >>


Read-only properties

Property Description
running (yes | no) Whether interface is running. Note that some interface does not have running check and they are always reported as "running"
rx-1024-1518 (integer) Total count of received 1024 to 1518 byte packets
rx-128-255 (integer) Total count of received 128 to 255 byte packets
rx-1519-max (integer) Total count of received packets larger than 1519 bytes
rx-256-511 (integer) Total count of received 256 to 511 byte packets
rx-512-1023 (integer) Total count of received 512 to 1023 byte packets
rx-64 (integer) Total count of received 64 byte packets
rx-65-127 (integer) Total count of received 65 to 127 byte packets
rx-align-error (integer) Total count of received align error messages
rx-broadcast (integer) Total count of received broadcast packets
rx-bytes (integer) Total count of received bytes
rx-fcs-error (integer) Total count of received frames with incorrect checksum
rx-fragment (integer) Total count of received fragmented frames
rx-multicast (integer) Total count of received multicast packets
rx-overflow (integer)
rx-pause (integer) Amount of received pause frames
rx-runt (integer) Amount of received frames shorter than the minimum 64 bytes but with a valid CRC
rx-too-long (integer)
slave (yes | no) Whether interface is configured as a slave of another interface (for example Bonding)
switch (integer) ID to which switch chip interface belongs to.
tx-1024-1518 (integer)
tx-128-255 (integer)
tx-1519-max (integer)
tx-256-511 (integer)
tx-512-1023 (integer)
tx-64 (integer)
tx-65-127 (integer)
tx-align-error (integer)
tx-broadcast (integer)
tx-bytes (integer)
tx-fcs-error (integer)
tx-fragment (integer)
tx-multicast (integer)
tx-overflow (integer)
tx-pause (integer)
tx-runt (integer)
tx-too-long (integer)

Menu specific commands

Property Description
blink ([id, name]) Blink Ethernet leds
monitor ([id, name]) Monitor ethernet status. Read more>>
reset-counters ([id, name]) Reset stats counters. Read more>>
reset-mac ([id, name]) Reset MAC address to manufacturers default.
cable-pairs (string) Shows detected problems with cable pairs. Read More >>

Monitor

/interface ethernet monitor command prints out current link, rate and duplex status of an interface.


Properties:

Property Description
auto-negotiation (done | incomplete) Current auto negotiation status:
  • done-negotiation completed
  • incomplete-negotiation failed or not yet completed
default-cable-settings (short | standard) Default cable length setting (only applicable to NS DP83815/6 cards)
  • short-support short cables
  • standard-support standard cables
full-duplex (yes | no) Whether transmission of data occurs in two directions simultaneously
rate (10Mbps | 100Mbps | 1Gbps) Actual data rate of the connection.
status (link-ok | no-link | unknown) Current link status of an interface
  • link-ok-the card is connected to the network
  • no-link-the card is not connected to the network
  • unknown-the connection is not recognized (if the card does not report connection status)
phy-regs () List of Ethernet PHY registers


Example output of ethernet status:

[admin@MikroTik] /interface ethernet> monitor ether1
            status: link-ok
  auto-negotiation: done
              rate: 1Gbps
       full-duplex: yes


Detect Cable Problems

In RouterOS v6rc4 and newer releases there is ability to detect cable problems. RouterOS will tell:

  • which cable pair is damaged
  • at what length is the cable broken
  • how is the cable broken - shorted or torn

This also works if the other end is simply unplugged - in that case, simply the cable length will be shown.

This works on SXT-G, SXT Lite, RB711G, RB2011, RB750 series and other devices with the same switch chips, and also the Cloud Core series devices.

Here is example output:

[admin@CCR] > interface ethernet cable-test ether1
         name: ether1
       status: no-link
  cable-pairs: open:4,open:4,open:4,open:4

In the above example, cable is not shorted but cut “open” at 4 meters length, all cable pairs equally at same location.

Stats

RouterOS v3.22 introduces a new command:

/interface ethernet print stats

This command will display all kinds of other statistics if the interface is supporting them (currently only RB450G ether2-ether5, RB750 ether2-ether5, RB750G ether1-ether5 and also RB1100 ether1-ether10). Complete list of properties can be found in section above

For example, output of ethernet stats on RB450G:

[admin@MikroTik] /interface ethernet> print stats 
                      name: ether1-gateway ether2-local ether3-local ether4-local ether5-local
              rx-broadcast:                22           31           3666         11          
                  rx-pause:                0            0            0            0           
              rx-multicast:                4            7            1423         5           
              rx-fcs-error:                0            0            2            0           
            rx-align-error:                0            0            0            0           
                   rx-runt:                0            0            0            0           
               rx-fragment:                0            0            1            0           
                     rx-64:                0            0            0            0           
                 rx-65-127:                8            14           21598        10          
                rx-128-255:                0            0            0            0           
                rx-256-511:                18           24           2245         6           
               rx-512-1023:                28926        7649         371938       24476       
              rx-1024-1518:                0            0            0            0           
               rx-1519-max:                0            0            0            0           
               rx-too-long:                0            0            0            0           
               rx-overflow:                0            0            0            0           
                  rx-bytes:                15337844     4063737      199738064    12975401    
              tx-broadcast:                13           13           1496         8           
                  tx-pause:                0            0            0            0           
              tx-multicast:                13           13           1496         8           
               tx-underrun:                0            0            0            0           
                     tx-64:                0            0            0            0           
                 tx-65-127:                26           26           2992         16          
                tx-128-255:                0            0            0            0           
                tx-256-511:                0            0            0            0           
               tx-512-1023:                0            0            0            0           
              tx-1024-1518:                0            0            0            0           
               tx-1519-max:                0            0            0            0
               tx-too-long:                0            0            0            0
              tx-collision:                0            0            0            0
    tx-excessive-collision:                0            0            0            0
     tx-multiple-collision:                0            0            0            0
       tx-single-collision:                0            0            0            0
     tx-excessive-deferred:                0            0            0            0
               tx-deferred:                0            0            0            0
         tx-late-collision:                0            0            0            0
                  tx-bytes:                2561         2561         294712       1576

Switch

Sub-menu: /interface ethernet switch

This submenu allows to configure certain RouterBoard switch chip feature. Read more >>.

PoE out

PoE out settings are only available on RouterBOARD devices that have this hardware feature present.

See more here: PoE-Out

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