Manual:Interface/IPIP

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Version.png

Applies to RouterOS: 2.9, v3, v4+

Summary

Sub-menu: /interface ipip
Standards: IPIP RFC 2003


The IPIP tunneling implementation on the MikroTik RouterOS is RFC 2003 compliant. IPIP tunnel is a simple protocol that encapsulates IP packets in IP to make a tunnel between two routers. The IPIP tunnel interface appears as an interface under the interface list. Many routers, including Cisco and Linux, support this protocol. This protocol makes multiple network schemes possible.

IP tunnelling protocol adds the following possibilities to a network setups:

  • to tunnel Intranets over the Internet
  • to use it instead of source routing

Properties

Property Description
clamp-tcp-mss (yes | no; Default: yes) Controls whether to change MSS size for received TCP SYN packets. When enabled, a router will change the MSS size for received TCP SYN packets if the current MSS size exceeds the tunnel interface MTU (taking into account the TCP/IP overhead).The received encapsulated packet will still contain the original MSS, and only after decapsulation the MSS is changed.
dont-fragment (inherit | no; Default: no)
dscp (inherit | integer [0-63]; Default: ) Set dscp value in IPIP header to a fixed value or inherit from dscp value taken from tunnelled traffic
ipsec-secret (string; Default: ) When secret is specified, router adds dynamic ipsec peer to remote-address with pre-shared key and policy with default values (by default phase2 uses sha1/aes128cbc).
local-address (IP; Default: ) IP address on a router that will be used by IPIP tunnel
mtu (integer; Default: 1500) Layer3 Maximum transmission unit
keepalive (integer[/time],integer 0..4294967295; Default: 10s,10) Tunnel keepalive parameter sets the time interval in which the tunnel running flag will remain even if the remote end of tunnel goes down. If configured time,retries fail, interface running flag is removed. Parameters are written in following format: KeepaliveInterval,KeepaliveRetries where KeepaliveInterval is time interval and KeepaliveRetries - number of retry attempts. By default keepalive is set to 10 seconds and 10 retries.
name (string; Default: ) Interface name
remote-address (IP; Default: ) IP address of remote end of IPIP tunnel
Icon-note.png

Note: There is no authentication or 'state' for this interface. The bandwidth usage of the interface may be monitored with the monitor feature from the interface menu.


IPv6

Sub-menu: /interface ipipv6


IP/IPv6 over IPv6 tunnel functionality is added in v5RC6 and is configurable from menu: /interface ipipv6 IPv6 version uses the same properties as IPv4 version.


Setup examples

Suppose we want to add an IPIP tunnel between routers R1 and R2:

Ipip-sample.png

At first, we need to configure IPIP interfaces and then add IP addresses to them.

The configuration for router R1 is as follows:

[admin@MikroTik] interface ipip> add
local-address: 10.0.0.1
remote-address: 22.63.11.6
[admin@MikroTik] interface ipip> print
Flags: X - disabled, R - running
  #    NAME                               MTU   LOCAL-ADDRESS   REMOTE-ADDRESS
  0 X  ipip1                              1480  10.0.0.1        22.63.11.6

[admin@MikroTik] interface ipip> en 0
[admin@MikroTik] interface ipip> /ip address add address=1.1.1.1/24 interface=ipip1

The configuration of the R2 is shown below:

[admin@MikroTik] interface ipip> add local-address=22.63.11.6 remote-address=10.
0.0.1
[admin@MikroTik] interface ipip> print
Flags: X - disabled, R - running
  #    NAME                               MTU   LOCAL-ADDRESS   REMOTE-ADDRESS
  0 X  ipip1                              1480  22.63.11.6      10.0.0.1

[admin@MikroTik] interface ipip> enable 0
[admin@MikroTik] interface ipip> /ip address add address=1.1.1.2/24 interface=ipip1

Now both routers can ping each other:

[admin@MikroTik] interface ipip> /ping 1.1.1.2
1.1.1.2 64 byte ping: ttl=64 time=24 ms
1.1.1.2 64 byte ping: ttl=64 time=19 ms
1.1.1.2 64 byte ping: ttl=64 time=20 ms
3 packets transmitted, 3 packets received, 0% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 19/21.0/24 ms
[admin@MikroTik] interface ipip>

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