Difference between revisions of "Manual:Interface/PPTP"

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Revision as of 13:13, 29 March 2010

Version.png

Applies to RouterOS: v3, v4, v5

Summary

Standards: RFC 2637


PPTP is a secure tunnel for transporting IP traffic using PPP. PPTP encapsulates PPP in virtual lines that run over IP. PPTP incorporates PPP and MPPE (Microsoft Point to Point Encryption) to make encrypted links. The purpose of this protocol is to make well-managed secure connections between routers as well as between routers and PPTP clients (clients are available for and/or included in almost all OSs including Windows).

Multilink PPP (MP) is supported in order to provide MRRU (the ability to transmit full-sized 1500 and larger packets) and bridging over PPP links (using Bridge Control Protocol (BCP) that allows to send raw Ethernet frames over PPP links). This way it is possible to setup bridging without EoIP. The bridge should either have an administratively set MAC address or an Ethernet-like interface in it, as PPP links do not have MAC addresses.

PPTP includes PPP authentication and accounting for each PPTP connection. Full authentication and accounting of each connection may be done through a RADIUS client or locally.

MPPE 40bit RC4 and MPPE 128bit RC4 encryption are supported.

PPTP traffic uses TCP port 1723 and IP protocol GRE (Generic Routing Encapsulation, IP protocol ID 47), as assigned by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA). PPTP can be used with most firewalls and routers by enabling traffic destined for TCP port 1723 and protocol 47 traffic to be routed through the firewall or router.

PPTP connections may be limited or impossible to setup though a masqueraded/NAT IP connection. Please see the Microsoft and RFC links listed below for more information.

PPTP Client

Sub-menu: /interface pptp-client

Properties

Property Description
add-default-route (yes | no; Default: no) Whether to add PPTP remote address as a default route.
allow (mschap2 | mschap1 | chap | pap; Default: mschap2, mschap1, chap, pap) Allowed authentication methods.
connect-to (IP; Default: ) Remote address of PPTP server
dial-on-demand (yes | no; Default: no)
disabled (yes | no; Default: yes) Whether interface is disabled or not. By default it is disabled
max-mru (integer; Default: 1460) Maximum Receive Unit. Max packet size that PPTP interface will be able to receive without packet fragmentation.
max-mtu (integer; Default: 1460) Maximum Transmission Unit. Max packet size that PPTP interface will be able to send without packet fragmentation.
mrru (disabled | integer; Default: disabled) Maximum packet size that can be received on the link. If a packet is bigger than tunnel MTU, it will be split into multiple packets, allowing full size IP or Ethernet packets to be sent over the tunnel. Read more >>
name (string; Default: ) Descriptive name of the interface.
password (string; Default: "") Password used for authentication.
profile (name; Default: default-encryption) Used PPP profile.
user (string; Default: ) User name used for authentication.


Quick example

This example demonstrates how to set up PPTP client with username "pptp-hm", password "123" and server 10.1.101.100

[admin@dzeltenais_burkaans] /interface pptp-client>add name=pptp-hm user=pptp-hm password=123 \
\... connect-to=10.1.101.100 disabled=no
[admin@dzeltenais_burkaans] /interface pptp-client> print detail   
Flags: X - disabled, R - running 
 0    name="pptp-hm" max-mtu=1460 max-mru=1460 mrru=disabled 
      connect-to=10.1.101.100 user="pptp-hm" password="123" 
      profile=default-encryption add-default-route=no dial-on-demand=no 
      allow=pap,chap,mschap1,mschap2 

PPTP Server

Sub-menu: /interface pptp-server

This sub-menu shows interfaces for each connected PPTP clients.

An interface is created for each tunnel established to the given server. There are two types of interfaces in PPTP server's configuration

  • Static interfaces are added administratively if there is a need to reference the particular interface name (in firewall rules or elsewhere) created for the particular user.
  • Dynamic interfaces are added to this list automatically whenever a user is connected and its username does not match any existing static entry (or in case the entry is active already, as there can not be two separate tunnel interfaces referenced by the same name).

Dynamic interfaces appear when a user connects and disappear once the user disconnects, so it is impossible to reference the tunnel created for that use in router configuration (for example, in firewall), so if you need a persistent rules for that user, create a static entry for him/her. Otherwise it is safe to use dynamic configuration.

Icon-note.png

Note: in both cases PPP users must be configured properly - static entries do not replace PPP configuration.



Server configuration

Sub-menu: /interface pptp-server server

Properties:

Property Description
authentication (pap | chap | mschap1 | mschap2; Default: mschap1,mschap2) Authentication methods that server will accept.
default-profile (name; Default: default-encryption)
enabled (yes | no; Default: no) Defines whether PPTP server is enabled or not.
keepalive-timeout (time; Default: 30) Defines the time period (in seconds) after which the router is starting to send keepalive packets every second. If no traffic and no keepalive responses has came for that period of time (i.e. 2 * keepalive-timeout), not responding client is proclaimed disconnected
max-mru (integer; Default: 1460) Maximum Receive Unit. Max packet size that PPTP interface will be able to receive without packet fragmentation.
max-mtu (integer; Default: 1460) Maximum Transmission Unit. Max packet size that PPTP interface will be able to send without packet fragmentation.
mrru (disabled | integer; Default: disabled) Maximum packet size that can be received on the link. If a packet is bigger than tunnel MTU, it will be split into multiple packets, allowing full size IP or Ethernet packets to be sent over the tunnel. Read more >>

To enable PPTP server:

[admin@MikroTik] interface pptp-server server> set enabled=yes
[admin@MikroTik] interface pptp-server server> print
            enabled: yes
            max-mtu: 1460
            max-mru: 1460
               mrru: disabled
     authentication: mschap2,mschap1
  keepalive-timeout: 30
    default-profile: default
[admin@MikroTik] interface pptp-server server>


Monitoring

Monitor command can be used to monitor status of the tunnel on both client and server.

[admin@dzeltenais_burkaans] /interface pptp-client> monitor 0
     status: "connected"
     uptime: 7h24m18s
  idle-time: 6h21m4s
   encoding: "MPPE128 stateless"
        mtu: 1460
        mru: 1460

Read-only properties

Property Description
status () Current PPTP status. Value other than "connected" indicates that there are some problems estabising tunnel.
uptime (time) Elapsed time since tunnel was established.
idle-time (time) Elapsed time since last activity on the tunnel.
encoding () Used encryption method
mtu (integer) Negotiated and used MTU
mru (integer) Negotiated and used MRU

Application Examples

Connecting Remote Client

The following example shows how to connect a computer to a remote office network over PPTP encrypted tunnel giving that computer an IP address from the same network as the remote office has (without need of bridging over EoIP tunnels)

Consider following setup

Pptp-rem-offoce.png

Office router is connected to internet through ether1. Workstations are connected to ether2. Laptop is connected to the internet and can reach Office router's public IP (in our example it is 192.168.80.1).


First step is to create a user

[admin@RemoteOffice] ppp secret> add name=Laptop service=pptp password=123
local-address=10.1.101.1 remote-address=10.1.101.100
[admin@RemoteOffice] ppp secret> print detail
Flags: X - disabled
  0   name="Laptop" service=pptp caller-id="" password="123" profile=default
      local-address=10.1.101.1 remote-address=10.1.101.100 routes==""

[admin@RemoteOffice] ppp secret>

Notice that pptp local address is the same as routers address on local interface and remote address is form the same range as local network (10.1.101.0/24).

Next step is to enable pptp server and pptp client on the laptop.

[admin@RemoteOffice] interface pptp-server server> set enabled=yes
[admin@RemoteOffice] interface pptp-server server> print
            enabled: yes
            max-mtu: 1460
            max-mru: 1460
               mrru: disabled
     authentication: mschap2
  keepalive-timeout: 30
    default-profile: default
[admin@RemoteOffice] interface pptp-server server>

PPTP client from the laptop should connect to routers public IP which in our example is 192.168.80.1.
Please, consult the respective manual on how to set up a PPTP client with the software You are using.

At this point (when pptp client is successfully connected) if you will try to ping any workstation form the laptop, ping will time out, because Laptop is unable to get ARPs from workstations. Solution is to set up proxy-arp on local interface

[admin@RemoteOffice] interface ethernet> set Office arp=proxy-arp
[admin@RemoteOffice] interface ethernet> print
Flags: X - disabled, R - running
  #    NAME                 MTU   MAC-ADDRESS         ARP
  0  R ether1              1500  00:30:4F:0B:7B:C1 enabled
  1  R ether2              1500  00:30:4F:06:62:12 proxy-arp
[admin@RemoteOffice] interface ethernet>

After proxy-arp is enabled client can successfully reach all workstations in local network behind the router.


Site-to-Site PPTP

The following is an example of connecting two Intranets using PPTP tunnel over the Internet.

Consider following setup

Site-to-site-pptp-example.png

Office and Home routers are connected to internet through ether1, workstations and laptops are connected to ether2. Both local networks are routed through pptp client, thus they are not in the same broadcast domain. If both networks should be in the same broadcast domain then you need to use BCP and bridge pptp tunnel with local interface.

First step is to create a user

[admin@RemoteOffice] /ppp secret> add name=Home service=pptp password=123
local-address=172.16.1.1 remote-address=172.16.1.2 routes="10.1.101.0/24 172.16.1.1 1"
[admin@RemoteOffice] ppp secret> print detail
Flags: X - disabled
  0   name="Home" service=pptp caller-id="" password="123" profile=default
      local-address=172.16.1.1 remote-address=172.16.1.2 routes=="10.1.101.0/24 172.16.1.1 1"

[admin@RemoteOffice] /ppp secret>

Notice that we set up pptp to push route to the client. If routes are not pushed, then you will need static routing configuration on the client to route traffic between sites through pptp tunnel.

Now we need to add route to reach local network behind Home router

[admin@RemoteOffice] /ip route> add dst-address=10.1.202.0/24 gateway=172.16.1.2

Next step is to enable pptp server on the office router and configure pptp client on the Home router.

[admin@RemoteOffice] /interface pptp-server server> set enabled=yes
[admin@RemoteOffice] /interface pptp-server server> print
            enabled: yes
            max-mtu: 1460
            max-mru: 1460
               mrru: disabled
     authentication: mschap2
  keepalive-timeout: 30
    default-profile: default
[admin@RemoteOffice] /interface pptp-server server>
[admin@Home] /interface pptp-client> add user=Home password=123 connect-to=192.168.80.1 disabled=no
[admin@Home] /interface pptp-client> print
Flags: X - disabled, R - running
 0    name="pptp-out1" max-mtu=1460 max-mru=1460 mrru=disabled connect-to=192.168.80.1 user="Home" 
       password="123" profile=default-encryption add-default-route=no dial-on-demand=no 
       allow=pap,chap,mschap1,mschap2
[admin@Home] /interface pptp-client>

Now after tunnel is established you should be able to ping remote network

Read More