The PWR-Line series devices allow Ethernet like connectivity between supported devices over regular power lines. When plugged into the same electrical circuit, the PWR-Line devices will establish connectivity by using the HomePlug AV standard.
|arp (disabled | enabled | proxy-arp | reply-only; Default: enabled)||Address Resolution Protocol mode:
|bandwidth (integer/integer; Default: unlimited/unlimited)||Sets max rx/tx bandwidth in kbps that will be handled by an interface. TX limit is supported on all Atheros switch-chip ports. RX limit is supported only on Atheros8327/QCA8337 switch-chip ports.|
|comment (string; Default: )||Descriptive name of an item|
|l2mtu (integer [0..65536]; Default: )||Layer2 Maximum transmission unit. Read more>>|
|mac-address (MAC; Default: )||Media Access Control number of an interface.|
|mtu (integer [0..65536]; Default: 1500)||Layer3 Maximum transmission unit|
|name (string; Default: )||Name of an interface|
|orig-mac-address (MAC; Default: )|
|rx-flow-control (on | off | auto; Default: off)||When set to on, port will process received pause frames and suspend transmission if required. auto is the same as on except when auto-negotiation=yes flow control status is resolved by taking into account what other end advertises. Feature is supported on AR724x, AR9xxx, QCA9xxx CPU ports, all CCR ports and all Atheros switch chip ports.|
|tx-flow-control (on | off | auto; Default: off)||When set to on, port will send pause frames when specific buffer usage thresholds is met. auto is the same as on except when auto-negotiation=yes flow control status is resolved by taking into account what other end advertises. Feature is supported on AR724x, AR9xxx, QCA9xxx CPU ports, all CCR ports and all Atheros switch chip ports.|
Menu specific commands
|configure ()||Command configures the attached PWR-Line device's network-key, network-password, plc-cco-selection-mode.|
|join ()||Initiates the pairing sequence which will look for other PWR-Line devices in the same electrical circuit that are also in the pairing mode. This mode lasts for 60 seconds.|
|leave ()||Initiates the leaving sequence which essentially randomizes the devices network-key.|
|monitor ()||Outputs PWR-Line related statuses in real time.|
|upgrade-firmware ()||Upgrades the PWR-Line device with specified firmware-file and pib-file files.|
For two or more devices to be able to connect with each other, they must share the same network-key value. Currently configured network-key can be seen using the monitor command as plc-actual-network-key.
[admin@MikroTik] > /interface pwr-line monitor pwr-line1 name: pwr-line1 connection-to-plc: ok tx-flow-control: no rx-flow-control: no plc-actual-network-key: c973947c200e1540b0f84b571d92bebe plc-hw-platform: QCA7420 plc-sw-platform: MAC plc-fw-version: 1.4.0(24-20180515-CS) plc-line-freq: 50Hz plc-zero-crossing: detected plc-mac: B8:69:F4:C4:34:68
There are two ways to set the same network-key on different devices. You can either use the network-key parameter which is a hashed version of network-password parameter. Or use the network-password parameter and let the router apply the hash on a human readable string.
/interface pwr-line configure pwr-line1 network-password=mynetwork
is the same as:
/interface pwr-line configure pwr-line1 network-key=cb01fcc6167bf3d1edb1433c2ebde4b3
You must set the same key or password on all devices you wish to communicate with each other.
It is possible to use the join and leave commands and make the PWR-Line devices automatically synchronize the network-key value. It is advised to use the leave command before using the join command to make sure a new network-key is randomly generated and the device is not part of any old network.
/interface pwr-line leave pwr-line1
Then we can issue the join command. When doing so, pairing sequence is enabled for 60 seconds, meaning you have to enable pairing mode on another device within 60 seconds for them to successfully pair.
/interface pwr-line join pwr-line1
It is also possible to set a specified role for PWR-Line device (master or slave) with the plc-cco-selection-mode parameter.
|plc-cco-selection-mode (auto | always | never; Default: auto)||Sets PWR-Line device mode:
/interface pwr-line configure pwr-line1 plc-cco-selection-mode=auto
/interface pwr-line configure pwr-line1 plc-cco-selection-mode=always
/interface pwr-line configure pwr-line1 plc-cco-selection-mode=never
Sync Button usage
- Hold 0.5 – 3 seconds to turn on sync mode. For 120 seconds will try to communicate with another PWR-LINE device. A blinking orange LED light indicates that it is in search mode. You have to also do the same on the other PWR-LINE device, so they can synchronize. Press button again to cancel the search. You can also manually set the security keys in RouterOS settings.
- Hold 5 – 8 seconds to generate a new security key. This is needed to remove a PWR-LINE device from an existing PWR-LINE network.
- Hold 10 – 15 seconds to reset all PWR-LINE related settings.
The newest revisions of products that have a microUSB port, such as- hAP lite, hAP lite tower, hAP mini, mAP and mAP lite have pwr-line interface. A simple software upgrade to v6.44+ enables this feature (supported by the mentioned devices with serial numbers that ends with /9xx). PWR-LINE functionality is also supported by some of previously manufactured units - if you have unit with serial number that ends with /8xx, upgrade to 6.44+ and see if pwr-line interface shows up).