Manual:MLPPP over single and multiple links

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Revision as of 17:26, 1 August 2011 by Marisb (talk | contribs) (MLPPP over single link)
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Standards: RFC 1990
Package: ppp

Multi-Link Point to Point Protocol (MP, Multi-Link PPP, MultiPPP or MLPPP) is a method of splitting, recombining, and sequencing data across multiple logical data links.

In a situation where we have multiple DSL links a pair of devices, performance by “widening the pipe” between two devices can be increased by using Multi-Link PPP, without going to a newer, more expensive technology.

Large packets are actually split into bits and sent evenly over ALL logical data links. This is done instantaneously with NO loss of bandwidth. It is important to understand that other end of the link needs to use the same protocol to recombine your data.

Multilink is based on an LCP option negotiation that allows to indicate to its peer that it is capable of combining multiple physical links.

MLPPP over single link

Typically size of the packet sent over PPP link is reduced due to overhead. MP can be used to transmit and receive full frame over single ppp link. To make it work the Multilink Protocol uses additional LCP configuration options Multilink Maximum Received Reconstructed Unit (MRRU)

To enable Multi-link PPP over single link you must specify MRRU (Maximum Receive Reconstructed Unit) option. If both sides support this feature there are no need for MSS adjustment (in firewall mangle). Study shows that MRRU is less CPU expensive that 2 mangle rules per client. MRRU allows to divide packet to multiple channels therefore increasing possible MTU and MRU (up to 65535 bytes)

Under Windows it can be enabled in Networking tag, Settings button, "Negotiate multi-link for single link connections". Their MRRU is hard coded to 1614.

Configuration Example


In short - standard PPP link - just specify MRRU in both sides :)

MLPPP over multiple links

MLPPP over multiple links allow to create a single ppp link over multiple physical connections. All PPP links must come from the same server (server must have MLPPP over multiple links support) and all PPP links must have same user name and password.

And to enable MLPPP you just need to create PPP client and specify multiple interfaces instead of single interface. Mikrotik RouterOS have MLPPP clent support starting from version 3.10. Presently there are no MLPPP server support available.

Configuration Example