Difference between revisions of "Manual:Router AAA"

From MikroTik Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
m
Line 57: Line 57:
<h3>Sensitive information</h3>
<h3>Sensitive information</h3>


Starting with RouterOS v3.27, the following information is regarded as sensitive, and can be hidden from certain user groups with the 'sensitive' policy unchecked.  
Starting with RouterOS v3.27, the following information is regarded as sensitive, and can be hidden from certain user groups with the ''''sensitive'''' policy unchecked.
 
Also, since RouterOS v4.3, [[Configuration_Management#System_Backup|backup files]] are considered sensitive, and users without this policy will not be able to download them in any way.  


'''system package'''
'''system package'''

Revision as of 11:55, 30 November 2009

Version.png

Applies to RouterOS: 2.9, v3, v4

Summary

Sub-menu: /user


MikroTik RouterOS router user facility manage the users connecting the router from the local console, via serial terminal, telnet, SSH or Winbox. The users are authenticated using either local database or designated RADIUS server.

Each user is assigned to a user group, which denotes the rights of this user. A group policy is a combination of individual policy items.

In case the user authentication is performed using RADIUS, the RADIUS Client should be previously configured.

User Groups

Sub-menu: /user group

The router user groups provide a convenient way to assign different permissions and access rights to different user classes.

Properties

Property Description
name (string; Default: ) The name of the user group
policy (local | telnet | ssh | ftp | reboot | read | write | policy | test | web; Default: ) group policy item set
  • local - policy that grants rights to log in locally via console
  • telnet - policy that grants rights to log in remotely via telnet
  • ssh - policy that grants rights to log in remotely via secure shell protocol
  • ftp - policy that grants remote rights to log in remotely via FTP and to transfer files from and to the router
  • reboot - policy that allows rebooting the router
  • read - policy that grants read access to the router's configuration. All console commands that do not alter router's configuration are allowed
  • write - policy that grants write access to the router's configuration, except for user management. This policy does not allow to read the configuration, so make sure to enable read policy as well
  • policy - policy that grants user management rights. Should be used together with write policy
  • test - policy that grants rights to run ping, traceroute, bandwidth-test and wireless scan, sniffer and snooper commands
  • web - policy that grants rights to log in remotely via WebBox
  • winbox - policy that grants rights to log in remotely via WinBox
  • password - policy that grants rights to change the password
  • sensitive - grants rights to see sentitive information in the router, see below list as to what is regarded as sensitive.

Sensitive information

Starting with RouterOS v3.27, the following information is regarded as sensitive, and can be hidden from certain user groups with the 'sensitive' policy unchecked.

Also, since RouterOS v4.3, backup files are considered sensitive, and users without this policy will not be able to download them in any way.

system package

/radius: secret
/snmp/community: authentication-password, encryption-password

advanced-tools package

/tool/sms: secret

wireless package

/interface/wireless/security-profiles: wpa-pre-shared-key,
wpa2-pre-shared-key, static-key-0, static-key-1, static-key-2,
static-key-3, static-sta-private-key
/interface/wireless/access-list: private-key, private-pre-shared-key

wireless-test package

/interface/wireless/security-profiles: wpa-pre-shared-key, wpa2-pre-shared-key, 
static-key-0, static-key-1, static-key-2, static-key-3, static-sta-private-key, management-protection-key
/interface/wireless/access-list: private-key, private-pre-shared-key, management-protection-key

user-manager package

/tool/user-manager/user: password
/tool/user-manager/customer: password

hotspot package

/ip/hotspot/user: password

ppp package

/ppp/secret: password

security package

/ip/ipsec/installed-sa: auth-key, enc-key
/ip/ipsec/manual-sa: ah-key, esp-auth-key, esp-enc-key
/ip/ipsec/peer: secret

routing package

/routing/bgp/peer: tcp-md5-key
/routing/rip/interface: authentication-key
/routing/ospf/interface: authentication-key
/routing/ospf/virtual-link: authentication-key

routing-test package

/routing/bgp/peer: tcp-md5-key
/routing/rip/interface: authentication-key
/routing/ospf/interface: authentication-key
/routing/ospf/virtual-link: authentication-key 


Notes

There are three system groups which cannot be deleted:

[admin@rb13] > /user group print
 0 name="read" policy=local,telnet,ssh,reboot,read,test,winbox,password,web,!ftp,!write,!policy

 1 name="write" policy=local,telnet,ssh,reboot,read,write,test,winbox,password,web,!ftp,!policy

 2 name="full" policy=local,telnet,ssh,ftp,reboot,read,write,policy,test,winbox,password,web

 3 name="test" policy=ssh,read,policy,!local,!telnet,!ftp,!reboot,!write,!test,!winbox,!password,!web
[admin@rb13] >

Exclamation sign '!' just before policy item name means NOT.


Example

To add reboot group that is allowed to reboot the router locally or using telnet, as well as read the router's configuration, enter the following command:

[admin@rb13] user group> add name=reboot policy=telnet,reboot,read,local
[admin@rb13] user group> print
 0 name="read" policy=local,telnet,ssh,reboot,read,test,winbox,password,web,!ftp,!write,!policy

 1 name="write" policy=local,telnet,ssh,reboot,read,write,test,winbox,password,web,!ftp,!policy

 2 name="full" policy=local,telnet,ssh,ftp,reboot,read,write,policy,test,winbox,password,web

 3 name="reboot" policy=local,telnet,reboot,read,!ssh,!ftp,!write,!policy,!test,!winbox,!password,!web
[admin@rb13] user group>

Router Users

Sub-menu: /user


Router user database stores the information such as username, password, allowed access addresses and group about router management personnel.

Properties

Property Description
address (IP/mask; Default: 0.0.0.0/0) Host or network address from which the user is allowed to log in
group (string; Default: ) name of the group the user belongs to
name (string; Default: ) User name. Although it must start with an alphanumeric character, it may contain "*", "_", "." and "@" symbols
password (string; Default: ) User password. If not specified, it is left blank (hit [Enter] when logging in). It conforms to standard Unix characteristics of passwords and may contain letters, digits, "*" and "_" symbols

Notes

There is one predefined user with full access rights:

[admin@MikroTik] user> print
Flags: X - disabled
  #   NAME                                             GROUP ADDRESS
  0   ;;; system default user
      admin                                            full  0.0.0.0/0

[admin@MikroTik] user>

There always should be at least one user with fulls access rights. If the user with full access rights is the only one, it cannot be removed.

Monitoring Active Users

Sub-menu: /user active

/user active print command shows the currently active users along with respective statisics information.

Properties

Property Description
address (IP) Host IP address from which the user is accessing the router. 0.0.0.0 means that user is logged in locally.
name (string) User name
via (console | telnet | ssh | winbox) user's access method
when (time) Log in date and time


Example

To print currently active users, enter the following command:

[admin@rb13] user> active print
Flags: R - radius
 #   WHEN                 NAME                                               ADDRESS         VIA
 0   feb/27/2004 00:41:41 admin                                              1.1.1.200       ssh
 1   feb/27/2004 01:22:34 admin                                              1.1.1.200       winbox
[admin@rb13] user>

Remote AAA

Sub-menu: /user aaa

Router user remote AAA enables router user authentication and accounting via RADIUS server. The RADIUS user database is consulted only if the required username is not found in the local user database


Properties

Property Description
accounting (yes | no; Default: yes) Enable RADIUS accounting
default-group (string; Default: read) user group used by default for users authenticated via RADIUS server
interim-update (time; Default: 0s) Interim-Update time interval
use-radius (yes | no; Default: no) Enable user authentication via RADIUS