Manual:Wireless Station Modes
Wireless interface in any of station modes will search for acceptable access point and connect to it. The connection between station and AP will behave in slightly different way depending on type of station mode used, so correct mode must be chosen for given application and equipment. This article attempts to describe differences between available station modes.
Primary difference between station modes is in how L2 addresses are processed and forwarded across wireless link. This directly affects the ability of wireless link to be part of L2 bridged infrastructure.
If L2 bridging over wireless link is not necessary - as in case of routed or MPLS switched network, basic mode=station setup is suggested and will provide highest efficiency.
Availability of particular station mode depends on wireless-protocol in use. Please refer to Manual:Wireless_Station_Modes#Applicability Matrix