Difference between revisions of "Option Globetrotter HSDPA USB Modem"

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''Document Revision 2009-03-26: RouteroOS changes since V3.22''
== Introduction ==
== Introduction ==
This example shows how to get the Option Globetrotter HSDPA USB Modem working with LMT (Latvian Mobile Telephone UMTS/GPRS networks), or with Amigo (GPRS network) in Latvia. Service in your country might have different requirements and strings, but this is just to give you an outline of what is required.
This example shows how to get the Option Globetrotter HSDPA USB Modem working with LMT (Latvian Mobile Telephone UMTS/GPRS networks), or with Amigo (GPRS network) in Latvia. Service in your country might have different requirements and strings, but this is just to give you an outline of what is required.
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The USB Modem is recognized in RouterOS as an USB device and listed under the USB resources:
The USB Modem is recognized in RouterOS as an USB device and listed under the USB resources:
  [admin@rb433_USB_test] /interface ppp-client> /system resource usb print
  [admin@rb433_USB_test] > /system resource usb print
   # DEVICE VENDOR                            NAME                            SPEED                           
   # DEVICE VENDOR                            NAME                            SPEED                           
   0 1:1                                      RB400 OHCI                      12 Mbps                         
   0 1:1                                      RB400 OHCI                      12 Mbps                         
   1 1:2    Option N.V.                      Globetrotter HSDPA Modem        12 Mbps                         
   1 1:2    Option N.V.                      Globetrotter HSDPA Modem        12 Mbps                         
  [admin@rb433_USB_test] /interface ppp-client>
  [admin@rb433_USB_test] >


Make sure the USB ports are set to 9600:
Make sure the USB ports are are listed under the port menu:
  [admin@rb433_USB_test] > /port print  
  [admin@rb433_USB_test] > port print  
  Flags: I - inactive  
  Flags: I - inactive  
   #  NAME                               USED-BY                               BAUD-RATE
   #  NAME                         USED-BY                         BAUD-RATE
   0  serial0                           Serial Console                       auto     
   0  serial0                       Serial Console                 auto     
   1  usb1                                                                    9600   
   1  hs1                                                          115200 
   2  usb2                                                                     9600    
   2  hs2                                                          115200 
   3  usb3                                                                    9600   
  3  hs3                                                          115200 
  4  hs4                                                          115200 
[admin@rb433_USB_test] >
 
Prior RouterOS V3.22, the ports of this particular modem were usb1, usb2, and usb3. Since V3.22, due to driver changes, there are four ports named hs1..hs4. The baud rate setting seems to be irrelevant now, i.e., there is no need to set it to 9600 for communicating with the modem.
 
Check the modem responses using serial-terminal, like this:
[admin@rb433_USB_test] > /sys serial-terminal hs1
    
[Ctrl-A is the prefix key]
ATI
Manufacturer: Option N.V.
Model: GTM378
Revision: 2.3.3Hd (Date: Jul 17 2007, Time: 15:49:23)
OK
 
Disconnect from the modem:
[Q - quit connection]      [B - send break]
[A - send Ctrl-A prefix]   [R - autoconfigure rate]
Welcome back!
  [admin@rb433_USB_test] >  
  [admin@rb433_USB_test] >  


== Router Configuration for PPP ==
== Router Configuration for PPP ==
Copy and paste the following text into the router console:
Copy and paste the following text into the router console:
/port set usb3 baud-rate=9600
   
   
  /ppp profile  
  /ppp profile  
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     user="" password="" \
     user="" password="" \
     add-default-route=yes use-peer-dns=yes\
     add-default-route=yes use-peer-dns=yes\
     port=usb3 disabled=yes
     port=hs1 disabled=yes
  add name="ppp-amigo" modem-init="AT+CGDCONT=1,\"IP\",\"amigo.lv\"" \
  add name="ppp-amigo" modem-init="AT+CGDCONT=1,\"IP\",\"amigo.lv\"" \
     dial-command="ATDT" phone="*99***1#" profile=ppp-Amigo \
     dial-command="ATDT" phone="*99***1#" profile=ppp-Amigo \
     user="amigo" password="amigo" \
     user="amigo" password="amigo" \
     add-default-route=yes use-peer-dns=yes\
     add-default-route=yes use-peer-dns=yes\
     port=usb3 disabled=yes
     port=hs1 disabled=yes


The first command sets the baud rate of USB port (our modem uses USB3). Next, two profiles are created (because we have two different SIM cards from two providers). Then, ppp-client interfaces are created (adjust your peer-dns and default-route settings according to what you want to do over that interface).
Two profiles are created (because we have two different SIM cards from two providers). Then, ppp-client interfaces are created (adjust your peer-dns and default-route settings according to what you want to do over that interface).


Enable the ppp-lmt interface and watch the logs to see how the connection is being established over the USB modem:
Enable the ppp-lmt interface and watch the logs to see how the connection is being established over the USB modem:
Line 61: Line 86:
  00:54:10 system,info dns changed  
  00:54:10 system,info dns changed  
  00:54:10 async,ppp,info ppp-lmt: connected
  00:54:10 async,ppp,info ppp-lmt: connected
The serial port is used by ppp client:
[admin@rb433_USB_test] > /port print
Flags: I - inactive
  #  NAME                          USED-BY                        BAUD-RATE
  0  serial0                      Serial Console                  auto   
  1  hs1                          PPP <ppp-lmt>                  115200 
  2  hs2                                                          115200 
  3  hs3                                                          115200 
  4  hs4                                                          115200 
[admin@rb433_USB_test] >


Check the addresses and routes! In our case we have:
Check the addresses and routes! In our case we have:
Line 85: Line 121:
1. If you do not get "authenticated" and "connected", then there is something wrong with your settings. Most likely, the profile or the ppp-client interface settings should be changed to match your provider's requirements.
1. If you do not get "authenticated" and "connected", then there is something wrong with your settings. Most likely, the profile or the ppp-client interface settings should be changed to match your provider's requirements.


2. If the USB port is not set to 9600 baud rate, there will be log message when you try to run the ppp client:
2. If the USB port settings are wrong, there would be log message when you try to run the ppp client:
  00:08:50 async,ppp,info ppp-lmt: initializing...  
  00:08:50 async,ppp,info ppp-lmt: initializing...  
  00:08:50 async,ppp,info ppp-lmt: reseting link...  
  00:08:50 async,ppp,info ppp-lmt: reseting link...  
Line 93: Line 129:
3. You can check if you can communicate with the USB modem by using the serial-terminal. Make sure the ppp-client is disabled! Start the serial terminal and run some AT commands:
3. You can check if you can communicate with the USB modem by using the serial-terminal. Make sure the ppp-client is disabled! Start the serial terminal and run some AT commands:


  [admin@rb433_USB_test] > system serial-terminal usb3
  [admin@rb433_USB_test] > system serial-terminal hs4
   
   
  [Ctrl-A is the prefix key]
  [Ctrl-A is the prefix key]

Revision as of 09:18, 26 March 2009

Document Revision 2009-03-26: RouteroOS changes since V3.22

Introduction

This example shows how to get the Option Globetrotter HSDPA USB Modem working with LMT (Latvian Mobile Telephone UMTS/GPRS networks), or with Amigo (GPRS network) in Latvia. Service in your country might have different requirements and strings, but this is just to give you an outline of what is required.

Hardware

Router Hardware: MikroTik Router with USB port(s) (RB230, any x86 system, or, RB433 when available with USB)

Router Software: RouterOS V3.x (works in v2.9.x as well)

USB Modem: Option N.V. Globetrotter HSDPA USB Modem H7.2

Img-3g-th.jpg Manufacturer: Teltonika, model number U3G150

The USB Modem is recognized in RouterOS as an USB device and listed under the USB resources:

[admin@rb433_USB_test] > /system resource usb print
 # DEVICE VENDOR                            NAME                            SPEED                           
 0 1:1                                      RB400 OHCI                      12 Mbps                         
 1 1:2    Option N.V.                       Globetrotter HSDPA Modem        12 Mbps                         
[admin@rb433_USB_test] >

Make sure the USB ports are are listed under the port menu:

[admin@rb433_USB_test] > port print 
Flags: I - inactive 
 #   NAME                          USED-BY                         BAUD-RATE
 0   serial0                       Serial Console                  auto     
 1   hs1                                                           115200   
 2   hs2                                                           115200   
 3   hs3                                                           115200   
 4   hs4                                                           115200   
[admin@rb433_USB_test] > 

Prior RouterOS V3.22, the ports of this particular modem were usb1, usb2, and usb3. Since V3.22, due to driver changes, there are four ports named hs1..hs4. The baud rate setting seems to be irrelevant now, i.e., there is no need to set it to 9600 for communicating with the modem.

Check the modem responses using serial-terminal, like this:

[admin@rb433_USB_test] > /sys serial-terminal hs1
 
[Ctrl-A is the prefix key]


ATI
Manufacturer: Option N.V.
Model: GTM378
Revision: 2.3.3Hd (Date: Jul 17 2007, Time: 15:49:23)

OK

Disconnect from the modem:

[Q - quit connection]      [B - send break]
[A - send Ctrl-A prefix]   [R - autoconfigure rate]


Welcome back!
[admin@rb433_USB_test] > 

Router Configuration for PPP

Copy and paste the following text into the router console:

/ppp profile 
add name="ppp-LMT" remote-address=212.93.97.200
add name="ppp-Amigo" remote-address=212.93.97.200

/interface ppp-client 
add name="ppp-lmt" modem-init="AT+CGDCONT=1,\"IP\",\"internet.lmt.lv\"" \
    dial-command="ATDT" phone="*99***1#" profile=ppp-LMT \
    user="" password="" \
    add-default-route=yes use-peer-dns=yes\
    port=hs1 disabled=yes
add name="ppp-amigo" modem-init="AT+CGDCONT=1,\"IP\",\"amigo.lv\"" \
    dial-command="ATDT" phone="*99***1#" profile=ppp-Amigo \
    user="amigo" password="amigo" \
    add-default-route=yes use-peer-dns=yes\
    port=hs1 disabled=yes

Two profiles are created (because we have two different SIM cards from two providers). Then, ppp-client interfaces are created (adjust your peer-dns and default-route settings according to what you want to do over that interface).

Enable the ppp-lmt interface and watch the logs to see how the connection is being established over the USB modem:

00:54:06 async,ppp,info ppp-lmt: initializing... 
00:54:06 async,ppp,info ppp-lmt: reseting link... 
00:54:06 system,info device changed by admin 
00:54:07 async,ppp,info ppp-lmt: initializing modem... 
00:54:07 async,ppp,info ppp-lmt: dialing out... 
00:54:07 async,ppp,info ppp-lmt: authenticated 
00:54:10 system,info dns changed 
00:54:10 async,ppp,info ppp-lmt: connected

The serial port is used by ppp client:

[admin@rb433_USB_test] > /port print 
Flags: I - inactive 
 #   NAME                          USED-BY                         BAUD-RATE
 0   serial0                       Serial Console                  auto     
 1   hs1                           PPP <ppp-lmt>                   115200   
 2   hs2                                                           115200   
 3   hs3                                                           115200   
 4   hs4                                                           115200   
[admin@rb433_USB_test] > 

Check the addresses and routes! In our case we have:

[admin@rb433_USB_test] > /ip address print 
Flags: X - disabled, I - invalid, D - dynamic 
 #   ADDRESS            NETWORK         BROADCAST       INTERFACE                      
 0 D 10.5.8.62/24       10.5.8.0        10.5.8.255      ether1                         
 1 D 10.34.252.96/32    212.93.97.200   0.0.0.0         ppp-lmt                        
[admin@rb433_USB_test] > /ip route print 
Flags: X - disabled, A - active, D - dynamic, 
C - connect, S - static, r - rip, b - bgp, o - ospf, m - mme, 
B - blackhole, U - unreachable, P - prohibit 
 #      DST-ADDRESS        PREF-SRC        G GATEWAY                  DISTANCE INTER...
 0 ADS  0.0.0.0/0                          r 212.93.97.200            1        ppp-lmt 
 1 ADC  10.5.8.0/24        10.5.8.62                                  0        ether1  
 2 ADC  212.93.97.200/32   10.34.252.96                               0        ppp-lmt 
[admin@rb433_USB_test] > 

You may need to use masquerade to hide your private network when going out through the ppp.

Troubleshooting

1. If you do not get "authenticated" and "connected", then there is something wrong with your settings. Most likely, the profile or the ppp-client interface settings should be changed to match your provider's requirements.

2. If the USB port settings are wrong, there would be log message when you try to run the ppp client:

00:08:50 async,ppp,info ppp-lmt: initializing... 
00:08:50 async,ppp,info ppp-lmt: reseting link... 
00:08:50 async,ppp,info ppp-lmt: reseting link... - could not acquire serial port 
00:08:50 async,ppp,info ppp-lmt: disconnected

3. You can check if you can communicate with the USB modem by using the serial-terminal. Make sure the ppp-client is disabled! Start the serial terminal and run some AT commands:

[admin@rb433_USB_test] > system serial-terminal hs4

[Ctrl-A is the prefix key]

AT
OK
AT+CSQ
+CSQ: 12,99

OK

This must be okay, because the modem responds to your commands. Quit the serial terminal with "Ctrl-A" and "Q":

[Q - quit connection]      [B - send break]
[A - send Ctrl-A prefix]   [R - autoconfigure rate]


Welcome back!
[admin@rb433_USB_test] > 

4. Turn off PIN request for your SIM card, it makes the life much easier. Do it in a phone if you do not know the correct AT command.

Additional Resources

Huawei_EVDO WiKi Page with similar setup for a PCMCIA modem

Teltonika HomePage of the USB modem manufacturer