Manual:Routing/IGMP-Proxy: Difference between revisions
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Revision as of 09:10, 14 January 2009
Packages required: multicast
Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) proxy can be used to implement multicast routing. It works by IGMP frame forwarding, and commonly is used when there is no need to use more advanced protocol, for example PIM.
IGMP Proxy allows users to proxy non-standard IGMP implementations IGMP traffic over to other networks behind the router, thus allowing proprietary solution to distribute their content over network where network devices does not know anything about used inner workings of proprietary solution.
IGMP proxy features:
- The simplest way how to do multicast routing;
- Can be used in topologies where PIM-SM is not suitable for some reason;
- Takes slightly less resources than PIM-SM;
- Ease of configuration.
On the other hand, IGMP proxy is not well suited for complicated multicast routing setups. In contrast to PIM based solutions, with IGMP proxy there can be no more than one upstream interface, and routing loops are not detected and avoided.
MikroTik RouterOS IGMP proxy supports IGMP version 2 (RFC 2236).
To forward all multicast data coming from ether1 interface to all other interfaces, where there are subscribers:
[admin@MikroTik] /routing igmp-proxy> interface add interface=ether1 upstream=yes [admin@MikroTik] /routing igmp-proxy> interface add interface=all [admin@MikroTik] /routing igmp-proxy> interface print Flags: X - disabled, I - inactive, D - dynamic, U - upstream # INTERFACE THRESHOLD 0 U ether1 1 1 all 1 2 D ether2 1 3 D ether3 1
- query-interval (time, 00:00:01 - 01:00:00) : how often to send out IGMP Query messages on upstream interface
- query-response-interval (time, 00:00:01 - 01:00:00) : how long to wait for responses to an IGMP Query message
- quick-leave (yes|no) : specifies action on IGMP Leave message. If quick-leave is on, then an IGMP Leave message is sent upstream as soon as a leave is received from the first client on downstream interface
/routing igmp-proxy interface
Used to configure what interfaces will participate as IGMP proxy interfaces on router. If an interface is not configured as IGMP proxy interface, then all IGMP traffic received on it will be ignored.
- alternative-subnets (list of IP prefixes) : by default, only packets from directly attached subnets are accepted. alternative-subnets can be used to specify a list of alternative valid packet source subnets, both for data or IGMP packets. Particularly important for the upstream interface, since the source of multicast data often is in a different IP network
- interface (interface name) : RouterOS interface
- threshold (integer) : minimal TTL; packets received with a lower TTL value are ignored
- upstream (yes|no) : interface is called "upstream" if it's in the direction of the root of the multicast tree. An IGMP forwarding router must have exactly one upstream interface configured. The upstream interface is used to sent out IGMP membership requests.
/routing igmp-proxy mfc
Multicast forwarding cache (MFC) status.
- group (IP address) : IGMP group address
- source (IP address) : multicast data originator address
- incoming-interface (interface name) : packet stream is coming in router through this interface
- outgoing-interface (interface name) : packet stream is going out of router through this interface