Manual:Basic VLAN switching

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Applies to RouterOS: v6.41 +

Introduction

Many MikroTik devices come with a built-in switch chips that usually have an option to do VLAN switching on a hardware level, this means that you can achieve wire-speed performance using VLANs if a proper configuration method is used. The configuration method changes across different models, this guide will focus on setting up a basic trunk/access port setup with a management port from the trunk port using different devices with the right configuration to achieve best performance and to fully utilize the available hardware components.

CRS3xx series switches

/interface bridge
add name=bridge1
/interface bridge port
add bridge=bridge1 interface=ether1 hw=yes
add bridge=bridge1 interface=ether2 hw=yes pvid=20
add bridge=bridge1 interface=ether3 hw=yes pvid=30
/interface bridge vlan
add bridge=bridge1 tagged=ether1 untagged=ether2,ether3 vlan-ids=20,30
add bridge=bridge1 tagged=ether1,bridge1 vlan-ids=99
/interface vlan
add interface=bridge1 vlan-id=99 name=MGMT
/ip address
add address=192.168.99.1/24 interface=MGMT
/interface bridge
set bridge1 vlan-filtering=yes

More detailed examples can be found here.

CRS1xx/CRS2xx series switches

/interface bridge
add name=bridge1
/interface bridge port
add bridge=bridge1 interface=ether1 hw=yes
add bridge=bridge1 interface=ether2 hw=yes
add bridge=bridge1 interface=ether3 hw=yes
/interface ethernet switch ingress-vlan-translation
add ports=ether2 customer-vid=0 new-customer-vid=20 sa-learning=yes
add ports=ether3 customer-vid=0 new-customer-vid=30 sa-learning=yes
/interface ethernet switch egress-vlan-tag
add tagged-ports=ether1 vlan-id=20
add tagged-ports=ether1 vlan-id=30
add tagged-ports=ether1,switch1-cpu vlan-id=99
/interface ethernet switch vlan
add ports=ether1,ether2 vlan-id=20 learn=yes
add ports=ether1,ether3 vlan-id=30 learn=yes
add ports=ether1,switch1-cpu vlan-id=99 learn=yes
/interface vlan
add interface=bridge1 vlan-id=99 name=MGMT
/ip address
add address=192.168.99.1/24 interface=MGMT
/interface ethernet switch
set drop-if-invalid-or-src-port-not-member-of-vlan-on-ports=ether1,ether2,ether3

More detailed examples can be found here.

Other devices with built-in switch chip

Icon-warn.png

Warning: Not all devices with a switch chip are capable of VLAN switching on a hardware level, check the supported features for each switch chip, the compatibility table can be found Here. If a device has VLAN table support, then it is capable of VLAN switching using the built-in switch chip. You can check the device's switch chip either in the provided link or by using /interface ethernet switch print


/interface bridge
add name=bridge1 protocol-mode=none
/interface bridge port
add bridge=bridge1 interface=ether1 hw=yes
add bridge=bridge1 interface=ether2 hw=yes
add bridge=bridge1 interface=ether3 hw=yes
/interface ethernet switch vlan
add ports=ether1,ether2 switch=switch1 vlan-id=20
add ports=ether1,ether3 switch=switch1 vlan-id=30
add ports=ether1,switch1-cpu switch=switch1 vlan-id=99
/interface vlan
add interface=bridge1 vlan-id=99 name=MGMT
/ip address
add address=192.168.99.1/24 interface=MGMT
/interface ethernet switch port
set ether1 vlan-mode=secure vlan-header=add-if-missing
set ether2 vlan-mode=secure vlan-header=always-strip default-vlan-id=20
set ether3 vlan-mode=secure vlan-header=always-strip default-vlan-id=30
set switch1-cpu vlan-header=leave-as-is vlan-mode=secure

More detailed examples can be found here.

Icon-note.png

Note: This type of configuration should be used on RouterBOARD series devices, this includes RB4xx, RB9xx, RB2011, RB3011, hAP, hEX, cAP and other devices.


Other devices without a built-in switch chip

It is possible to do VLAN filtering using the CPU, there are multiple ways to do it, but it is highly recommended by using bridge VLAN filtering.

/interface bridge
add name=bridge1
/interface bridge port
add bridge=bridge1 interface=ether1 hw=no
add bridge=bridge1 interface=ether2 hw=no pvid=20
add bridge=bridge1 interface=ether3 hw=no pvid=30
/interface bridge vlan
add bridge=bridge1 tagged=ether1 untagged=ether2,ether3 vlan-ids=20,30
add bridge=bridge1 tagged=ether1,bridge1 vlan-ids=99
/interface vlan
add interface=bridge1 vlan-id=99 name=MGMT
/ip address
add address=192.168.99.1/24 interface=MGMT
/interface bridge
set bridge1 vlan-filtering=yes

More detailed examples can be found here.