Manual:Failover with firewall marking

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This example demonstrates how to set up failover with a Firewall mangle, filter and NAT rules.

Application example


IP address

In this example our provider assigned two upstream links, one connected to ether1 and other to ether2. Our local network has two subnets and

/ip address
add address= interface=ether1 
add address= interface=ether2
add address= interface=Local
add address= interface=Local

Mangle, NAT and Filter rules

Connections going through the ether1 interface is marked as "first" and packets going through the ether2 is marked as "other".

/ip firewall mangle
add action=mark-connection chain=forward connection-mark=no-mark new-connection-mark=first out-interface=ether1 passthrough=yes
add action=mark-connection chain=forward connection-mark=no-mark new-connection-mark=other out-interface=ether2 passthrough=yes

Instead of masquerade, we will use src-nat for our local networks, because we do not want to purge connections which is one of masquarades main features when a primary link fails. We will restrict them with a firewall rules (later in this example)

/ip firewall nat
add action=src-nat chain=srcnat out-interface=ether1 to-address=
add action=src-nat chain=srcnat out-interface=ether2 to-address=

When the primary link will fail, we will reject all the established connections, so a new connections will pass through the secondary link. The same behavior will happen when a primary link will come back again and here we will prevent local IP leakage to a public network, which is one of masquerades disadvantages.

/ip firewall filter
add action=reject chain=forward connection-mark=other out-interface=ether1 reject-with=icmp-network-unreachable
add action=reject chain=forward connection-mark=first out-interface=ether2 reject-with=icmp-network-unreachable


We will add two default routes. With distance parameter we set route preference:

/ip route add gateway= distance=1 check-gateway=ping
/ip route add gateway= distance=2