Since v6.20 release, attached storage is now managed in "/disk" sub-menu, instead of previous "/store disk" menu.
- This menu will list all attached storage devices, presuming that they are supported and in working condition.
- As a note, Webproxy and User manager stores as now shown as directories in "/files menu". When configuring webproxy cache or usermanager database you will now be asked to write in the actual full path of the directory where you want these stores to be created.
This is especially useful for RouterBOARD devices with SD/CF/USB slots and x86 systems with additional dedicated storage drives - as the built-in storage is quite small, an external drive comes in very handy when you want a big User Manager database, proxy cache or possibly SMB shares on your router.
You can add as many external or secondary drives as you want, and select any number of them for each of the mentioned feature usage. For example User Manager could be used on 3 disks, one of them would be the active database, and the rest would be backups. You can then add a fourth disk, copy the active data to it - unmount - unplug it - and move to another server, to keep using the actual database. This means migration and backup made easy!
Formatting attached storage unit - Simple
1. Disk is attached, and already mounted automatically by system.
[admin@MikroTik] > /disk print # NAME LABEL TYPE DISK FREE SIZE 0 disk1 usb-flash ext3 00 7.1GiB 7.2GiB
[admin@MikroTik] > /file print # NAME TYPE SIZE CREATION-TIME 2 skins directory jan/01/1970 03:00:01 3 pub directory feb/04/1970 21:31:40 4 disk1 disk apr/20/2015 14:05:16
2. Unmounting storage drive in order to format it.
[admin@MikroTik] > /disk eject-drive 0
3. Formatting the disk, in either of two supported file-systems (ext3 or fat32).
[admin@MikroTik] > /disk format-drive 0 file-system=ext3 label=flashdrive formatted: 100%
4. It's done! Drive is formatted and should be automatically mounted after formatting process is finished.
Formatting attached storage unit - Detailed
Let us presume that you have added a storage device to your device that is running RouterOS. System will try to automatically mount it and in such case if storage is formatted in a supported file-system and partition record, it will be found in "/files" menu moments after you plugged it in to the host device.
If not, here is what you have to do.
1. Do a quick print of disk menu, to make sure that router sees the attached storage.
[admin@MikroTik] > disk print # NAME LABEL TYPE DISK FREE SIZE 0 disk1 NO NAME fat32 00 6.6GiB 7.2GiB
We can here see that system sees one storage drive and also that it is formatted with a known file-system type.
When running file menu print-out we also see that is mounted.
[admin@MikroTik] > file print # NAME TYPE SIZE CREATION-TIME 0 disk1 disk apr/20/2015 13:44:11 1 skins directory jan/01/1970 03:00:01 2 pub directory feb/04/1970 21:31:40
2. Now to format it we must first unmount it. To do that we need to issue the command that is pasted below. Note that you can use disk "id" or "name" for this task. ID number is usable only after the print command on the specific menu has been issued and presuming that the order or count has not changed, as that would also possibly change the id. OR this disk name identifier which in this example case would be
"NO NAME". Name can be used without issuing print as that is a static value and should not change unless changed manually by you.
In short: using the ID number of the disk is easy, but printout of this menu must be done first.
[admin@MikroTik] > disk eject-drive 0
In short: using name, quicker if you know the device name. But "" needs to be added if this value contains spaces or some symbols that might confuse console.
[admin@MikroTik] > disk eject-drive "NO NAME"
3. Formatting drive now that it is unmounted. We issue command with previously know id or name and with desired file-system (ext3 or fat32), we can also assign label to device as I did in this example.
[admin@MikroTik] > /disk format-drive 0 file-system=ext3 label=usb-flash formatted: 100%
Web-Proxy cache configuration example
Enter proxy cache path under IP -> Proxy menu and web proxy store is automatically created in files menu. If a non-existent directory path is used, an additional sub-directory is also created automatically.
[admin@MikroTik] > /ip proxy set cache-path=disk3/cache-n-db/proxy/ ... [admin@MikroTik] > /file print # NAME TYPE SIZE CREATION-TIME 0 skins directory mar/02/2015 18:56:23 1 sys-note.txt .txt file 23 jul/03/2015 11:40:48 2 disk3 disk jul/03/2015 11:35:05 3 disk3/lost+found directory jul/03/2015 11:34:56 4 disk3/cache-n-db directory jul/03/2015 11:41:54 4 disk3/cache-n-db/proxy web-proxy store jul/03/2015 11:42:09
User manager database path configuration example
Example is made presuming that rest of configuration is in place and you are just changing/setting user-man database path. If a non-existent directory path is used, an additional sub-directory is also created automatically.
[admin@MikroTik] > /tool user-manager database set db-path=disk3/cache-n-db/user-manager/ ... [admin@MikroTik] > /file print where name~"user-manager" # NAME TYPE SIZE CREATION-TIME 0 disk3/cache-n-db/user-manager/ directory jul/03/2015 12:17:38 1 disk3/cache-n-db/user-manager/sqldb file 367.0KiB jul/03/2015 12:17:38 2 disk3/cache-n-db/user-manager/logsqldb file 29.0KiB jul/03/2015 11:00:42
User manager moving database example
In this example, the User Manager instance has been installed on the System Drive and is required to be moved to a typical external USB drive (called 'disk1'). (It is recommended USB Drives are formatted to ext3 instead of FAT32). The database is backed up, data base path changed and finally database restored. Once User Manager is proven to be working correctly, the original 'user-manager' folder and associated files on the system drive could then be deleted.
[admin@MikroTik] > /tool user-manager database save name=/disk1/UMBackup [admin@MikroTik] > /tool user-manager database set db-path=disk1/user-manager/ [admin@MikroTik] > /tool user-manager database load name=/disk1/UMBackup
Log on disk configuration example
When configuring logging on disk make sure that you create directories in which you want to store the log files manually, as non-existent directories will NOT be automatically created in this case.
[admin@MikroTik] > /system logging action set disk disk-file-name=/disk3/log/syslog ... [admin@MikroTik] > /file print where name~"disk3/log" # NAME TYPE SIZE CREATION-TIME 0 disk3/log directory jul/03/2015 12:44:09 1 disk3/log/syslog.0.txt .txt file 160 jul/03/2015 12:44:11
|eject-drive (Integer; Default: )||Safely unmounts (ejects) drive of your selection by using drive ID or NAME that is assigned to it. After issuing this command it can be removed from host device. If drive is sata/etc on x86, device must be previously also shut down or hot-plug for sata interfaces must be enabled in bios if such feature is supported.|
|format-drive ()||Command to initiate disk formatting process. Contains additional properties of its own. Such as "file-system" and "label".