- 1 Summary
- 2 Configuration
- 3 Monitoring
- 4 How it works
- 5 Safety
- 6 PoE Out polarity
- 7 RB750UP and OmniTik UPA-5HnD Powered devices
- 8 Upgrade PoE Out firmware
- 9 PoE Out examples
- 10 Changes between 1.x and 2.0 PoE-Out controller firmware
This feature will become available on new device featuring SwOS interface that will also provide power only over spare pairs. It will use new PoE-out controller firmware.
Global PoE settings (affects all ports) can be configured in /interface ethernet poe settings menu.
|version||version of PoE controller firmware. It is independent of RouterOS and bootloader version.|
|ether1-poe-in-long-cable (default: no)||setting to yes will disable short detection on all poe-out ports to enable use of longer ethernet cables. This is potentially dangerous settings and should be used with caution.|
PoE Out can be configured in
/interface ethernet poe menu. Each port can be controlled independently.
Power on 100MBps interface is provided over spare pairs (blue and brown) where blue pair carries positive and brown - negative.
Starting from RouterOS 6.10 these configuration options are available:
|poe-out (default: auto-on)||
|poe-priority (0 .. 99, default: 10)||set port priority regarding other PoE-Out ports. Highest priority is 0, lowest priority is 99. If there are 2 or more ports with similar priority then port with smallest port number will have higher priority. For example, if ether2 and ether3 are of same priority and over-current is detected then PoE-Out on ether3 will be turned off. Every 6 seconds ports will be checked for possibility to provide PoE-Out if it was turned off due to port priority.|
In RouterOS poe-out has power-cycle-ping feature, which pings a host and power-cycles poe-out port, if this host does not respond. Power-cycle-ping settings can be changed in /interface ethernet poe set command.
|power-cycle-ping-enabled (default: auto-on)||Enables ping watchdog, power-cycle port if it does not respond.|
|power-cycle-ping-address ( IPv4 | IPv6 | MAC )||Address to ping (icmp for IPv4 and IPv6, arp for IPv4, RouterOS mac-ping for MAC).|
|power-cycle-ping-timeout ( <integer> )||If ping fails for <timeout> duration, then 5s power-cycle is done.|
|power-cycle-interval ( none | <integer> )||If power is on for specified duration, then 5s power-cycle is done.|
If power-cycle is enabled, /interface ethernet poe monitor will show:
- power-cycle-host-alive ( yes | no ) - shows ping status. Is not shown, if ping is disabled or not done yet.
- power-cycle-after ( time ) - shows time, how much is left till next power-cycle (because of ping timeout or power-cycle-interval).
|prints all the properties in menu|
|export||export setting of the current menu.|
|power-cycle (0s .. 1m, default: 5s)||reset the power for specified duration, to power cycle a connected device|
|monitor||shows poe-out-status of specified port|
Settings in old RouterOS versions
Old firmware supported configuration features:
Configuration options are:
- auto-on - board will attempt to detect if power can be applied on the port. For power-on to happen there should be resistance on spare pairs in range from 3kΩ to 26.5kΩ. It is the default setting;
- forced-on - detection range is removed. As a result power over Ethernet will be always on;
- off - all detection and power is turned off for this port.
PoE Out feature configuration will be available from SwOS Link page where one of PoE Out profiles can be for each PoE Out enabled port individually:
- auto - detection is done regarding resistance on the spare pairs to check if port has PoE capability. For port to be turned on measured value should be within range from 3kΩ to 26.5kΩ;
- on - PoE Out is enabled on the port regardless of the resistance on the port. Use this with caution as that can damage connected equipment;
- off - PoE Out is turned off.
New PoE Out controller firmware enables monitoring of the PoE Out state
It is possible to monitor poe-out current usage in RouterOS via /interface ethernet poe menu. Monitoring currently will show power usage in watts, current load in amperes and supplied voltage.
SNMP OID tables:
184.108.40.206.4.1.149220.127.116.11.1.1.1 - interface id
18.104.22.168.4.1.14922.214.171.124.1.1.2 - interface names
126.96.36.199.4.1.149188.8.131.52.1.1.4 - voltage in dV (decivolt)
184.108.40.206.4.1.149220.127.116.11.1.1.5 - current in mA
18.104.22.168.4.1.14922.214.171.124.1.1.6 - power usage in dW (deviwatt)
PoE Out controller with new firmware will enable certain monitoring features such as PoE Out state, current power usage and voltage supplied to the board:
- PoE Out state - will enable to see PoE Out state remotely just by logging into the board
- Current power usage - measured in Amperes will show current usage on the port
- Supplied voltage - as this value directly impacts how much power can be given to the connected devices it is important to know value that is available to the SwOS device itself.
How it works
If auto-on is selected then port operates in this strict order:
- with low voltage it checks for resistance on the connected port. If it is detected that resistance is in range (3kΩ to 26.5kΩ) power is turned on;
- when power is given it is continuously checked if overload limit is not reached or short circuit is detected
- when cable is unplugged port returns in detection state and will remain off until suitable port that could accept PoE is detected
If forced-on is selected then port operates in this strict order:
- it is checked if resistance is in range is 0Ω to ∞Ω, so that even if cable is unplugged power will be given on the port
- when power is given it is continuously checked if overload limit is not reached or short circuit is detected
- when cable is unplugged port remains with power enabled on the port
If off mode is used, poe-out on the port will be turned off at all times and port on the router will behave as simple Ethernet port.
PoE out feature has the following safety features:
Port eligibility detection for poe out
auto-on mode is considered safe, it will check if resistance on the port is within range and only then enable PoE out on the interface. The range is 3kΩ to 26.5kΩ
when port is on (PoE out is enabled) port is checked for overload, If that is detected to avoid hardware damage of powered device or powering device PoE out is turned of on this port.
With new firmware after overload is detected starts 120 second countdown after what PoE Out feature will be turned on again to see if environment has changed and device connected can be supplied with power again. That is important for configurations that are not connected to mains (solar installations, equipment running on batteries due to mains failure) so that when voltage drops - overload will be detected and connected devices turned off. After a while when voltage level returns to usual operating value - connected equipment can be powered on again.
Short circuit detection
when port is on (PoE out is enabled) port is checked for short circuit. If it is detected to ensure that there is no additional damage on powered device and no damage on powering device PoE out is turned off on all ports
PoE Out polarity
By default PoE out polarity on MikroTik manufactured devices on 100MBps ports is standard
PoE out on RouterBOARD devices is standard - over blue pair - positive and over brown pair - negative voltage
Some devices use different polarity to power their devices that is reverse of the standard: over blue pair - negative and over brown pair - positive voltage
Device that supports either of 2 possible polarities - standard or reversed
On one end you have to have standard RJ45 T568B wiring (orange striped, orange, green striped, blue, blue striped, green, brown striped, brown) and on other and has to have blue and brown pair swapped resulting in (orange striped, orange, green striped, brown, brown striped, green, blue striped, blue)
RB750UP and OmniTik UPA-5HnD Powered devices
Table contain information on what devices can be powered using RB750UP and OmniTik UPA-5HnD as power source for PoE. Table contains devices that are explicitly tested. Routers from same series or with modifications will also work.
Polarity: standard - blue pair positive, brown pair negative; reversed - blue pair negative , brown pair positive, any - either standard or reversed.
|RouterBOARD RB433GL ||yes||yes||any|
|RouterBOARD RB450G ||yes||yes||any|
|OmniTik UPA-5HnD ||yes||yes||standard|
|OmniTik U-5HnD ||yes||yes||standard|
|RouterBOARD RB711G-5HnD ||yes||yes||any|
|RouterBOARD RB411U ||yes||yes||standard|
|RouterBOARD RB800 ||no||no||any|
|RouterBOARD RB450 ||yes||yes||standard|
|RouterBOARD RB433AH ||yes||yes||standard|
|RouterBOARD RB750 ||yes||yes||standard|
|RouterBOARD RB750UP ||yes||yes||standard|
|RouterBOARD RB435G ||yes||no||any|
|RouterBOARD RB493AH ||yes||yes||standard|
|RouterBOARD RB493 ||yes||yes||standard|
|Ubiquity Bullet M2||yes||yes||standard|
|Ubiquity Bullet M5||yes||yes||standard|
|Ubiquity NanoStation 2N||yes||yes||standard|
|Ubiquity NanoStation M365||yes||yes||standard|
|Ubiquity UniFi AP||yes||yes||standard|
|Ubiquity UniFi AP long range||yes||yes||standard|
Upgrade PoE Out firmware
PoE-Out controller firmware is not provided separately from RouterOS. For newer PoE-Out firmware it is required to install newer RouterOS release.
Upgrade procedure is as follows:
- upgrade router with newest RouterOS release.
- check current firmware using /interface ethernet poe settings print command
- to upgrade issue /interface ethernet poe settings upgrade command
- when prompted with this message follow instructions as required
Do you really want to upgrade PoE firmware? [y/n]
- you have to reboot the router for changes to take place
Please reboot to finish PoE firmware upgrade.
- reboot the router
If for some reason POE-Out controller firmware update fails you have to follow these steps and firmware upgrade should succede:
- Downgrade RouterOS to 5.21
- Do /interface ethernet poe settings upgrade
- Upgrade back to 5.24 and issue command again /interface ethernet poe settings upgrade
This should result in newest PoE-Out controller firmware.
PoE Out examples
PoE-Out firmware starting from 2.0 allows to set port priority. Priority of 0 is the highest priority there is, so if your installation is going over power budged port with the lowest priority is going to be turned off first.
setting up priority
here is example on how priorities look
setting up priorities:
/interface ethernet poe set ether2 poe-priority=10 /interface ethernet poe set ether3 poe-priority=13 /interface ethernet poe set ether4 poe-priority=11 /interface ethernet poe set ether5 poe-priority=14
what will happen when power budget will go over set total limit - first, if over-load is detected ether5 will be turned off, then recheck is done and if still total limit over-load is detected next port in priority will be turned off, in this example, ether3 will have its poe-out turned off. Both of these ports will be reched every 6 seconds is it possible to turn poe-out on for these ports. Power up will happen in reverse order as the power was cut.
if all, or some ports will have same poe-priority than port with lower port number will have higher priority
/interface ethernet poe set ether2 poe-priority=10 /interface ethernet poe set ether3 poe-priority=10 /interface ethernet poe set ether4 poe-priority=10 /interface ethernet poe set ether5 poe-priority=10
in this example, if over-load total limit is reached ether5 will be turned off first, then ether4 then ether3 as all of these ports have same poe priority.
all the monitoring of poe-out can be done via /interface ethernet poe monitor <interface> menu
[admin@MikroTik] > interface ethernet poe monitor [find] name: ether2 ether3 ether4 ether5 poe-out-voltage: 23.2V 23.2V 23.2V poe-out-current: 224mA 116mA 64mA poe-out-power: 5.1W 2.6W 1.4W
here RB750UP is powering up 3 devices on ports ether2, ether3 and ether4
Changes between 1.x and 2.0 PoE-Out controller firmware
|feature||version 1.x||version 2.0|
|max limit on port||500mA||1A|
|poe-priority||not available||per port priority adjustable|
|monitoring||not available||information about each port|
|PoE in long cable mode||not available||available|
|Check PoE controller FW version||newer RouterOS||available|